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Chlorella sensors in liquid marbles and droplets (2022)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2022). Chlorella sensors in liquid marbles and droplets. Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research, 36, Article 100491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbsr.2022.100491

The use of live organisms in electrically-coupled sensing devices has been suggested as an alternative low-cost, low-environmental footprint and robust technology for continuous monitoring and sensing applications. The utility of Chlorella vulgaris a... Read More about Chlorella sensors in liquid marbles and droplets.

Marimo actuated rover systems (2022)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., Reynolds, D. M., & Adamatzky, A. (2022). Marimo actuated rover systems. Journal of Biological Engineering, 16(1), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-021-00279-0

Background: The potential to directly harness photosynthesis to make actuators, biosensors and bioprocessors has been previously demonstrated in the literature. Herein, this capability has been expanded to more advanced systems — Marimo Actuated Rove... Read More about Marimo actuated rover systems.

Fungal electronics (2021)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Ayres, P., Beasley, A. E., Chiolerio, A., Dehshibi, M. M., Gandia, A., …Wösten, H. A. (2022). Fungal electronics. BioSystems, 212, Article 104588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2021.104588

Fungal electronics is a family of living electronic devices made of mycelium bound composites or pure mycelium. Fungal electronic devices are capable of changing their impedance and generating spikes of electrical potential in response to external co... Read More about Fungal electronics.

Fungal architectures (2021)
Exhibition / Performance
Nikolaidou, A., Adamatzky, A., Phillips, N., Roberts, N., & Petrova, I. Fungal architectures. [Installations, Prints]. 13 December 2021 - 19 December 2021. (Unpublished)

"Fungal architectures" arts exhibition presents works inspired by protocognition of fungi and slime moulds and fungal materials. Fungal Architectures is a new cross-disciplinary research project that seeks to develop a fully integrated structural and... Read More about Fungal architectures.

Designing with living materials (2021)
Presentation / Conference
Nikolaidou, A. (2021, September). Designing with living materials. Presented at Climate Action Relay Countdown to COP26|Have cultivated biomaterials come of age?, Online

Protein structured reservoir computing for spike-based pattern recognition (2021)
Journal Article
Tsakalos, K., Ch. Sirakoulis, G., Adamatzky, A., & Smith, J. (2022). Protein structured reservoir computing for spike-based pattern recognition. IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, 33(2), 322 - 331. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPDS.2021.3068826

Nowadays we witness a miniaturisation trend in the semiconductor industry backed up by groundbreaking discoveries and designs in nanoscale characterisation and fabrication. To facilitate the trend and produce ever smaller, faster and cheaper computin... Read More about Protein structured reservoir computing for spike-based pattern recognition.

Living wearables from slime mould and fungi (2021)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Nikolaidou, A., Gandia, A., & Chiolerio, A. (2021). Living wearables from slime mould and fungi. LINKs-series, 93-98

Smart wearables, augmented with soft and liquid electronics, can display sensing, responsive and adaptive capabilities, but they cannot self-grow or self-repair. Living organisms colonising a fabric could be a viable alternative. In the present artic... Read More about Living wearables from slime mould and fungi.

Reactive fungal wearable (2021)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Nikolaidou, A., Gandia, A., Chiolerio, A., & Dehshibi, M. M. (2021). Reactive fungal wearable. BioSystems, 199, Article 104304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2020.104304

Smart wearables sense and process information from the user’s body and environment and report results of their analysis as electrical signals. Conventional electronic sensors and controllers are commonly, sometimes augmented by recent advances in sof... Read More about Reactive fungal wearable.

Contactless sensing of liquid marbles for detection, characterisation & computing (2019)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Phillips, N., Weerasekera, R., Mayne, R., Fullarton, C., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2020). Contactless sensing of liquid marbles for detection, characterisation & computing. Lab on a Chip, 20(1), 136-146. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9lc01001g

Liquid marbles (LMs) are of growing interest in many fields, including microfluidics, microreactors, sensors, and signal carriers. The generation of LMs is generally performed manually, although there has recently been a burst of publications involvi... Read More about Contactless sensing of liquid marbles for detection, characterisation & computing.

Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing (2019)
Journal Article
Chiolerio, A., Draper, T. C., Jost, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing. Advanced Electronic Materials, 5(12), Article 1900202. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201900202

© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Liquid cybernetic systems with embodied intelligence solutions mimicking biologic systems, in response to future increasingly distributed sensing and the resulting data to be managed, has been propo... Read More about Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing.

Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators (2019)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators. Journal of Biological Engineering, 13(1), Article 72. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-019-0200-5

Background The green algae balls (Aegagropila linnaei), known as Marimo, are large spherical colonies of live photosynthetic filaments, formed by rolling water currents in freshwater lakes. Photosynthesis therein produces gas bubbles that can attach... Read More about Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators.

Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control (2019)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., Fullarton, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 295, 194-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2019.04.152

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. We show how to control the movement of a wheeled robot using on-board liquid marbles made of Belousov-Zhabotinsky solution droplets coated with polyethylene powder. Two stainless steel, iridium coated electrodes were inserted in... Read More about Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control.

Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions (2019)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Mayne, R., Phillips, N., Canciani, G. E., De Lacy Costello, B. P., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions. Soft Matter, 15(17), 3541-3551. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9sm00328b

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Liquid marbles (LMs) have many promising roles in the ongoing development of microfluidics, microreactors, bioreactors, and unconventional computing. In many of these applications, the coalescence of two LMs is... Read More about Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions.

Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles (2019)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., Costello, B. D. L., & Draper, T. C. (2019). Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles. Royal Society Open Science, 6(4), 190078. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190078

© 2019 The Authors. External control of oscillation dynamics in the Belousov- Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction is important for many applications including encoding computing schemes. When considering the BZ reaction, there are limited studies dealing with... Read More about Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles.

Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes (2019)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Phillips, N., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes. Œconomia, 1(1), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41965-018-00006-7

P-systems are abstract computational models inspired by the phospholipid bilayer membranes generated by biological cells. Illustrated here is a mechanism by which recursive liposome structures (multivesicular liposomes) may be experimentally produced... Read More about Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes.

Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems (2018)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B. P. J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems. Scientific Reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32540-w

© 2018, The Author(s). A mechanical flip-flop actuator has been developed that allows for the facile re-routing and distribution of liquid marbles (LMs) in digital microfluidic devices. Shaped loosely like a triangle, the actuating switch pivots fro... Read More about Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems.

Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles. Journal of Physics: Materials, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7639/aaed4c

In Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) type reactions, chemical oxidation waves can be exploited to produce reaction-diffusion processors. This paper reports on a new method of encapsulating BZ solution in a powder coating of either polyethylene (PE) or polyte... Read More about Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles.

Hardware implementation of a biomimicking hybrid CA (2018)
Book Chapter
Madikas, M., Tsompanas, M., Dourvas, N., Sirakoulis, G., Jones, J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Hardware implementation of a biomimicking hybrid CA. In G. Mauri, S. El Yacoubi, A. Dennunzio, K. Nishinari, & L. Manzoni (Eds.), International Conference on Cellular Automata. Springer Nature

A hybrid model, combining a Cellular Automaton (CA) and a multi-agent system, was proposed to mimic the computation abilities of the plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum. This model was implemented on software, as well as, on hardware, namely on a Fie... Read More about Hardware implementation of a biomimicking hybrid CA.

Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers (2018)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., & Andrew, A. (2018). Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers. Journal of Computational Science, 28, 51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocs.2018.08.003

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Fluidic devices use fluid as a medium for information transfer and computation. Boolean values are represented by the presence of fluid jets in the input and output channels. Velocity of a fluid is one of the parameters determini... Read More about Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers.