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Review of the partially overlapping samples framework: Paired observations and independent observations in two samples (2022)
Journal Article
Derrick, B., & White, P. (2022). Review of the partially overlapping samples framework: Paired observations and independent observations in two samples. Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 18(1), 55-65. https://doi.org/10.20982/tqmp.18.1.p055

A frequently asked question in quantitative research is how to compare two samples that include some combination of paired observations and unpaired observations. In our publications and R package, we refer to the scenario as ‘partially overlapping... Read More about Review of the partially overlapping samples framework: Paired observations and independent observations in two samples.

Statistical modeling of sensitive period effects using the structured life course modelling approach (SLCMA) (2022)
Book Chapter
Smith, B. J., Smith, A. D., & Dunn, E. C. (in press). Statistical modeling of sensitive period effects using the structured life course modelling approach (SLCMA). In Sensitive Periods of Brain Development and Preventive Interventions. Springer

Sensitive periods are times during development when life experiences can have a greater impact on outcomes than at other periods during the life course. However, a dearth of sophisticated methods for studying time-dependent exposure-outcome relations... Read More about Statistical modeling of sensitive period effects using the structured life course modelling approach (SLCMA).

Association between measures derived from children's primary exfoliated teeth and psychopathology symptoms: Results from a community-based study (2022)
Journal Article
Dunn, E. C., Mountain, R. V., Davis, K. A., Shaffer, I., Smith, A. D. A. C., Roubinov, D. S., …Boyce, W. T. (2022). Association between measures derived from children's primary exfoliated teeth and psychopathology symptoms: Results from a community-based study. Frontiers in Dental Medicine, 3, https://doi.org/10.3389/fdmed.2022.803364

Mental disorders are among the most disabling health conditions globally. However, there remains a lack of valid, reliable, noninvasive, and inexpensive biomarkers to identify (at an early age) people who are at the greatest risk of experiencing a fu... Read More about Association between measures derived from children's primary exfoliated teeth and psychopathology symptoms: Results from a community-based study.

Epidemiology and outcomes of tibial plateau fractures in adults aged 60 and over treated in the United Kingdom (2022)
Journal Article
Donovan, R. L., Smith, J. R., Yeomans, D., Bennett, F., White, P., & Chesser, T. J. (in press). Epidemiology and outcomes of tibial plateau fractures in adults aged 60 and over treated in the United Kingdom. Injury, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2022.03.048

Background: Tibial plateau fractures are common in older adults, often resulting from low-energy falls. Although lower limb fragility fracture care has evolved, the management of tibial plateau fractures in older patients remains poorly researched. T... Read More about Epidemiology and outcomes of tibial plateau fractures in adults aged 60 and over treated in the United Kingdom.

Techniques for advancing a nasointestinal tube (2022)
Journal Article
Taylor, S., Sayer, K., & White, P. (in press). Techniques for advancing a nasointestinal tube. Journal of the Intensive Care Society,

Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a major cause of undernutrition that can be overcome using nasointestinal (NI) feeding, but tube placement often fails. We analyse which techniques enable successful NI tube placement. Methods: Efficac... Read More about Techniques for advancing a nasointestinal tube.

The CARe Burn Scale—Adult Form: Identifying the responsiveness and Minimal Important Difference (MID) values of a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to assess quality of life for adults with a burn injury (2022)
Journal Article
Griffiths, C., Tollow, P., Cox, D., White, P., Pickles, T., & Harcourt, D. (2022). The CARe Burn Scale—Adult Form: Identifying the responsiveness and Minimal Important Difference (MID) values of a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to assess quality of life for adults with a burn injury. European Burn Journal, 3(1), 211-233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ebj3010019

The CARe Burn Scales are a suite of burn-specific PROMs for adults, children, young people, and parents affected by burns. This study aimed to determine the responsiveness and minimal important difference (MID) values of the Adult Form for use in adu... Read More about The CARe Burn Scale—Adult Form: Identifying the responsiveness and Minimal Important Difference (MID) values of a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to assess quality of life for adults with a burn injury.

The spatio-temporal influence of atmospheric circulations on monthly precipitation in Great Britain (2022)
Journal Article
West, H., White, P., Quinn, N., & Horswell, M. (2022). The spatio-temporal influence of atmospheric circulations on monthly precipitation in Great Britain. Atmosphere, 13(3), https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13030429

It has long been understood that the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is a key driver of regional climate in Great Britain and across Europe. However, studies have also noted that there is spatio-temporal variability in NAO-rainfall signatures which... Read More about The spatio-temporal influence of atmospheric circulations on monthly precipitation in Great Britain.

Updates to data versions and analytic methods influence the reproducibility of results from epigenome-wide association studies (2022)
Journal Article
Lussier, A. A., Zhu, Y., Smith, B. J., Simpkin, A. J., Smith, A. D., Suderman, M. J., …Dunn, E. C. (in press). Updates to data versions and analytic methods influence the reproducibility of results from epigenome-wide association studies. Epigenetics, https://doi.org/10.1080/15592294.2022.2028072

Introduction: Biomedical research has grown increasingly cooperative through the sharing of consortia-level epigenetic data. Since consortia preprocess data prior to distribution, new processing pipelines can lead to different versions of the same d... Read More about Updates to data versions and analytic methods influence the reproducibility of results from epigenome-wide association studies.

Frequency-dependent characteristics of nerve-mediated ATP and acetylcholine release from detrusor smooth muscle (2022)
Journal Article
Chakrabarty, B., Aitchison, K., White, P., McCarthy, C. J., Kanai, A. J., & Fry, C. H. (2022). Frequency-dependent characteristics of nerve-mediated ATP and acetylcholine release from detrusor smooth muscle. Experimental Physiology, 107(4), 350-358. https://doi.org/10.1113/EP090238

New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Is the frequency dependence of co-transmitter release from postganglionic nerve fibres different for each transmitter? What is the main finding and its importance? Release of co-transmitters f... Read More about Frequency-dependent characteristics of nerve-mediated ATP and acetylcholine release from detrusor smooth muscle.

A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial (2022)
Journal Article
Garbett, K. M., Craddock, N., Haywood, S., Nasution, K., White, P., Saraswati, L. A., …Williamson, H. (2022). A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.2196/33596

Background: Despite the prevalence of body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women and its consequential negative impacts, there are currently no evidence-based, culturally appropriate interventions to tackle this issue. Therefore, there is a ne... Read More about A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial.

Insights into the dynamics of ligand-induced dimerisation via mathematical modelling and analysis (2022)
Journal Article
White, C., Rottschäfer, V., & Bridge, L. (2022). Insights into the dynamics of ligand-induced dimerisation via mathematical modelling and analysis. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 538, 110996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2021.110996

The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (VEGFR) system plays a role in cancer and many other diseases. It is widely accepted that VEGFR receptors dimerise in response to VEGF binding. However, analysis of these mechanisms and their imp... Read More about Insights into the dynamics of ligand-induced dimerisation via mathematical modelling and analysis.

An acceptance and commitment therapy prototype mobile program for individuals with a visible difference: Mixed methods feasibility study (2022)
Journal Article
Zucchelli, F., Donnelly, O., Rush, E., White, P., Gwyther, H., Williamson, H., & The VTCT Foundation Research Team at the Centre for Appearance Research, . (2022). An acceptance and commitment therapy prototype mobile program for individuals with a visible difference: Mixed methods feasibility study. JMIR Formative Research, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.2196/33449

Background: Mobile apps may offer a valuable platform for delivering evidence-based psychological interventions for individuals with atypical appearances, or visible differences, who experience psychosocial appearance concerns such as appearance-base... Read More about An acceptance and commitment therapy prototype mobile program for individuals with a visible difference: Mixed methods feasibility study.

Characterising recovery following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using cardiopulmonary exercise testing and patient reported outcome measures (2022)
Journal Article
Dodds, N., Angell, J., Lewis, S. L., Pyke, M., White, P., Darweish Medniuk, A., …Tolchard, S. (2022). Characterising recovery following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using cardiopulmonary exercise testing and patient reported outcome measures. Disability and Rehabilitation, https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2022.2055162

Purpose: Surgery is associated with a post-operative stress response, changes in cardiopulmonary reserve, and metabolic demand. Here recovery after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is investigated using cardiopulmonary exercise testing and patient-re... Read More about Characterising recovery following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using cardiopulmonary exercise testing and patient reported outcome measures.

‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents (2021)
Journal Article
Craddock, N., Garbett, K. M., Haywood, S., Nasution, K., White, P., Saraswati, L. A., …Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). ‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents. BMC Public Health, 21(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11770-0

Background: Due to the prevalence and associated adverse health consequences of negative body image among adolescents globally, there is a need to develop acceptable, effective, and scalable interventions. School-based body image interventions delive... Read More about ‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents.

Testing the responsiveness of and defining MID (minimal important difference) values for the CARe Burn Scales: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess quality of life for children and young people affected by burn injuries, and their parents/caregivers (2021)
Journal Article
Griffiths, C., Tollow, P., Cox, D., White, P., Pickles, T., & Harcourt, D. (2021). Testing the responsiveness of and defining MID (minimal important difference) values for the CARe Burn Scales: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess quality of life for children and young people affected by burn injuries, and their parents/caregivers. European Burn Journal, 2(4), 249-280

Background: The CARe Burn Scales are a portfolio of burn-specific PROMs for people affected by burns, including a Child Form (for children < 8 years (Parent-proxy)), a Young Person Form (for young people aged 8 -17 years), an Adult Form, and a Parent... Read More about Testing the responsiveness of and defining MID (minimal important difference) values for the CARe Burn Scales: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess quality of life for children and young people affected by burn injuries, and their parents/caregivers.

Neurocognitive function following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review (2021)
Journal Article
Zook, N., Voss, S., Blennow Nordstrom, E., Brett, S. J., Jenkinson, E., Shaw, P., …Benger, J. (2022). Neurocognitive function following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review. Resuscitation, 170, 238-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.10.005

Objectives: The primary aim of this review was to investigate neurocognitive outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Specifically, the focus was on identifying the different neurocognitive domains that are assessed, the measures use... Read More about Neurocognitive function following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review.

Investigating Browne's method (2021)
Presentation / Conference
Obodo, S., Toher, D., & White, P. (2021, September). Investigating Browne's method. Poster presented at Statistics at Bristol: Future Reserach and You 2021, Bristol

Results supports Browne’s procedure of pilot sample size determination. However the data reveals that the procedure underestimates and overestimates sample size. Fig. 1 shows

Students’ perceptions of enhanced e-assessment feedback addressing common student errors in mathematics (2021)
Journal Article
Sikurajapathi, I., Henderson, K., & Gwynllyw, R. (2021). Students’ perceptions of enhanced e-assessment feedback addressing common student errors in mathematics. MSOR Connections, 19(2), 10-27. https://doi.org/10.21100/msor.v19i2

The Common Student Errors Project (CSE Project) has been running at the University of the West of England (UWE, Bristol) since 2017. The main aim of this project is to introduce a method to detect CSEs and to provide tailored feedback in Engineering... Read More about Students’ perceptions of enhanced e-assessment feedback addressing common student errors in mathematics.

Protocol for a national cohort study to explore the long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes and cost-effectiveness of implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer: The Brighter Study (2021)
Journal Article
Johnson, L., Holcombe, C., O’Donoghue, J. M., Jeevan, R., Browne, J., Fairbrother, P., …Potter, S. (2021). Protocol for a national cohort study to explore the long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes and cost-effectiveness of implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer: The Brighter Study. BMJ Open, 11(8), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-054055

Introduction Breast reconstruction (BR) is offered to improve quality of life for women with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy. As most women will be long-Term breast cancer survivors, high-quality information regarding the long-Term outcomes of di... Read More about Protocol for a national cohort study to explore the long-term clinical and patient-reported outcomes and cost-effectiveness of implant-based and autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer: The Brighter Study.