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Income convergence across U.S. States: An analysis using measures of concordance and discordance

Webber, Don J.; White, Paul; Allen, David O.

Authors

Paul White Paul.White@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Applied Statistics

David O. Allen david.allen@uwe.ac.uk



Abstract

This paper presents methods to analyze convergence in cross-sectional data collected over time using distribution free statistics that are not sensitive to the magnitudes involved. Measures of concordance and discordance are employed in the empirical analysis of real personal income per capita for 48 U.S. States over the period 1929-2002. Although most States are converging with each other, some are converging faster than others. The methods used have the flexibility to focus on specific characteristics such as convergence in absolute differences or convergence in the ratio of rewards. The methods may also be used to consider convergence without switching and additionally be applied to other features such as the percentiles of the distributions. © Blackwell Publishing, Inc. 2005.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Aug 1, 2005
Journal Journal of Regional Science
Print ISSN 0022-4146
Electronic ISSN 1467-9787
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 45
Issue 3
Pages 565-589
APA6 Citation Webber, D. J., White, P., & Allen, D. O. (2005). Income convergence across U.S. States: An analysis using measures of concordance and discordance. Journal of Regional Science, 45(3), 565-589. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-4146.2005.00384.x
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-4146.2005.00384.x
Keywords income convergence, USA, concordance, discordance
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-4146.2005.00384.x
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