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Apart but not Alone? A cross-sectional study of neighbour support in a major UK urban area during the COVID-19 lockdown (2020)
Journal Article
Jones, M., Beardmore, A., Biddle, M., Gibson, A., Ismail, S. U., McClean, S., & White, J. Apart but not Alone? A cross-sectional study of neighbour support in a major UK urban area during the COVID-19 lockdown. https://doi.org/10.35241/emeraldopenres.13731.1. Manuscript submitted for publication

Background: Evidence from a range of major public health incidents shows that neighbour-based action can have a critical role in emergency response, assistance and recovery. However, there is little research to date on neighbour-based action during t... Read More about Apart but not Alone? A cross-sectional study of neighbour support in a major UK urban area during the COVID-19 lockdown.

Promoting physical activity in community settings: A critical exploration of intervention development, evaluation and implementation (2020)
Thesis
Bird, E. Promoting physical activity in community settings: A critical exploration of intervention development, evaluation and implementation. (Thesis). University of the West of England. Retrieved from https://uwe-repository....ribe.com/output/3394874

Evidence demonstrating the important and wide-ranging benefits of regular physical activity is well documented, however, one in four of the world’s population is insufficiently active. Efforts to develop and implement effective interventions that fac... Read More about Promoting physical activity in community settings: A critical exploration of intervention development, evaluation and implementation.

How can approaches aimed at preventing Female Genital Mutilation be improved and developed using participatory methods with second-generation young people in the UK? (2020)
Thesis
Ali, S. How can approaches aimed at preventing Female Genital Mutilation be improved and developed using participatory methods with second-generation young people in the UK?. (Thesis). University of the West of England. Retrieved from https://uwe-repository....ribe.com/output/3221462

Background: There is considerable interest in Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) at global level, and within the United Nations Development Programme Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), goal 5.3 aims to eliminate all harmful practices, including reduc... Read More about How can approaches aimed at preventing Female Genital Mutilation be improved and developed using participatory methods with second-generation young people in the UK?.

Covid-19 mortality: A multivariate ecological analysis in relation to ethnicity, population density, obesity, deprivation and pollution (2020)
Journal Article
Bray, I., Gibson, A., & White, J. Covid-19 mortality: A multivariate ecological analysis in relation to ethnicity, population density, obesity, deprivation and pollution. Manuscript submitted for publication

Background: There is emerging evidence about characteristics that may increase the risk of Covid-19 mortality, but they are highly correlated. Methods: An ecological analysis was used to estimate associations between these variables and age-standa... Read More about Covid-19 mortality: A multivariate ecological analysis in relation to ethnicity, population density, obesity, deprivation and pollution.

Measuring the effectiveness of catch-up MMR delivered by school nurses compared to signposting to general practice on improving MMR coverage (2020)
Journal Article
Altinoluk-Davis, F., Gray, S., & Bray, I. (2020). Measuring the effectiveness of catch-up MMR delivered by school nurses compared to signposting to general practice on improving MMR coverage. Journal of Public Health, 42(2), 416-422. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa004

BACKGROUND: This study assesses whether increased coverage of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination differs between areas where school nurses deliver catch-up MMR doses to adolescents in school settings, compared to signposting to general... Read More about Measuring the effectiveness of catch-up MMR delivered by school nurses compared to signposting to general practice on improving MMR coverage.

What price public health? Funding the local public health system in England post-2013 (2020)
Journal Article
Evans, D. (in press). What price public health? Funding the local public health system in England post-2013. Critical Public Health, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/09581596.2020.1713302

In April 2013 the local public health function in England was returned from the National Health Service (NHS) to local government, reversing the transfer to the NHS made in 1974 with the abolition of the medical officer of health. Although many in th... Read More about What price public health? Funding the local public health system in England post-2013.

The community-based prevention of diabetes (ComPoD) study: A randomised, waiting list controlled trial of a voluntary sector-led diabetes prevention programme (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, J. R., Greaves, C. J., Thompson, J. L., Taylor, R. S., Jones, M., Armstrong, R., …Abraham, C. (2019). The community-based prevention of diabetes (ComPoD) study: A randomised, waiting list controlled trial of a voluntary sector-led diabetes prevention programme. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 16(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0877-3

© 2019 The Author(s). Objective: This two-site randomised trial compared the effectiveness of a voluntary sector-led, community-based diabetes prevention programme to a waiting-list control group at 6 months, and included an observational follow-up o... Read More about The community-based prevention of diabetes (ComPoD) study: A randomised, waiting list controlled trial of a voluntary sector-led diabetes prevention programme.

Important times for breastfeeding support: a qualitative study of mothers’ experiences (2019)
Journal Article
Fraser, M., Dowling, S., Oxford, L., Ellis, N., & Jones, M. (2020). Important times for breastfeeding support: a qualitative study of mothers’ experiences. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 58(2), 71-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2019.1676811

Breastfeeding rates in the UK remain persistently low, with a rapid fall off during the first 6–8 weeks. The work of healthcare and public health practitioners impacts on mothers’ experiences of infant feeding. Support, promotion and protection of br... Read More about Important times for breastfeeding support: a qualitative study of mothers’ experiences.

Methods of identifying and recruiting older people at risk of social isolation and loneliness: A mixed methods review (2019)
Journal Article
Ige, J., Gibbons, L., Bray, I., & Gray, S. (2019). Methods of identifying and recruiting older people at risk of social isolation and loneliness: A mixed methods review. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0825-6

Background Loneliness and social isolation are major determinants of mental wellbeing, especially among older adults. The effectiveness of interventions to address loneliness and social isolation among older adults has been questioned due to the lac... Read More about Methods of identifying and recruiting older people at risk of social isolation and loneliness: A mixed methods review.

Action 3:30R: Process evaluation of a cluster randomised feasibility study of a revised teaching assistant-led extracurricular physical activity intervention for 8 to 10 year olds (2019)
Journal Article
Tibbitts, B., Porter, A., Sebire, S., Bird, E., Sanderson, E., Metcalfe, C., …Jago, R. (2019). Action 3:30R: Process evaluation of a cluster randomised feasibility study of a revised teaching assistant-led extracurricular physical activity intervention for 8 to 10 year olds. BMC Public Health, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7347-3

Background: Numerous interventions to increase children's physical activity levels are published, yet, few studies report indicators of external validity. Process evaluations are critical for assessing intervention implementation, sustainability and... Read More about Action 3:30R: Process evaluation of a cluster randomised feasibility study of a revised teaching assistant-led extracurricular physical activity intervention for 8 to 10 year olds.

Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours (2019)
Journal Article
Bornioli, A., Lewis-Smith, H., Smith, A., Slater, A., & Bray, I. (2019). Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours. Social Science and Medicine, 238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112458

Rationale Body dissatisfaction is prevalent among teenagers, and may influence the uptake of risky health behaviours. Objective The study assessed the influence of body dissatisfaction on smoking, cannabis use, drug use, self-harm, gambling, and... Read More about Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours.

Contextualising the pervasive impact of macroeconomic austerity on prison health in England: A qualitative study among international policymakers (2019)
Journal Article
Ismail, N. (2019). Contextualising the pervasive impact of macroeconomic austerity on prison health in England: A qualitative study among international policymakers. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7396-7

Background: Prisons offer the state the opportunity to gain access to a population that is at particularly high risk of ill-health. Despite the supportive legal and policy structures surrounding prison rehabilitation, the oppressive nature of the aus... Read More about Contextualising the pervasive impact of macroeconomic austerity on prison health in England: A qualitative study among international policymakers.

Cost-effectiveness of advanced life support and prehospital critical care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in England: a decision analysis model (2019)
Journal Article
von Vopelius-Feldt, J., Powell, J., & Benger, J. R. (2019). Cost-effectiveness of advanced life support and prehospital critical care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in England: a decision analysis model. BMJ Open, 9(7), e028574. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028574

Objectives: This research aimed to answer the following questions: What are the costs of prehospital advanced life support (ALS) and prehospital critical care for outof-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)? What is the cost effectiveness of prehospital ALS... Read More about Cost-effectiveness of advanced life support and prehospital critical care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in England: a decision analysis model.

Mitigation of Risk (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Stone, K. (2019, July). Mitigation of Risk. Paper presented at International Academy of Law and Mental Health

Approved Mental Health Professionals (AMHPs) make the final decision as to whether a person should be detained in hospital in England & Wales (UK) under civil mental health legislation. There has been little research to date as to the nature of the... Read More about Mitigation of Risk.

Experiences of Relatives Acting as the ‘Nearest Relative’ Under the Mental Health Act (England & Wales, UK) (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Stone, K. (2019, July). Experiences of Relatives Acting as the ‘Nearest Relative’ Under the Mental Health Act (England & Wales, UK). Paper presented at International Academy of Law and Mental Health

Relatives play a key role when a person is detained under the mental health legislation in England and Wales. Despite this importance, their experiences of undertaking this role has been relatively ignored by research. The Nearest Relative function... Read More about Experiences of Relatives Acting as the ‘Nearest Relative’ Under the Mental Health Act (England & Wales, UK).

Patient and public involvement in research agenda-setting and clinical trials: why, when and how (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Biddle, M. (2019, July). Patient and public involvement in research agenda-setting and clinical trials: why, when and how. Presented at Evidence Live (EBMLive) 2019

Objectives The research agenda in medicines development has traditionally been established without input from its beneficiaries i.e. patients. However, patient and public involvement (PPI) is increasingly being recognised as important in medicines... Read More about Patient and public involvement in research agenda-setting and clinical trials: why, when and how.

Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies (2019)
Journal Article
Ige-Elegbede, J., Pilkington, P., Gray, S., & Powell, J. (2019). Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Preventive Medicine Reports, 15, 100952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100952

Older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups experience a relatively higher burden of physical inactivity compared with their counterparts from non-BME groups. Despite the increasing number of qualitative studies investigating the barrier... Read More about Barriers and facilitators of physical activity among adults and older adults from Black and Minority Ethnic groups in the UK: A systematic review of qualitative studies.

Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK (2019)
Journal Article
Bornioli, A., Bray, I., Pilkington, P., & Parkin, J. (2020). Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK. Injury Prevention, 26(1), 85-88. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043305

Twenty miles per hour (32 km/hour) or 30 km/hour speed limits represent a potential strategy to reduce urban road injuries and are becoming increasingly widespread. However, no study has conducted a robust evaluation of the effects of city-wide 20 mp... Read More about Effects of city-wide 20 mph (30km/hour) speed limits on road injuries in Bristol, UK.

Therapy Today 2019 30(6) 41 (2019)
Other
Costello, J. (2019). Therapy Today 2019 30(6) 41

And what do you do?: You're cornered at a social event by another guest who asks you what you do and starts telling you their personal problems....



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