Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Browse


Daily medical liaison is associated with reduced length of stay and complications in selected patients admitted to a regional vascular seurgery service (2020)
Journal Article
Mitchell, E., Coary, R., White, P., Farrow, E., Crees, A., Beedham, W., …Shipway, D. (2020). Daily medical liaison is associated with reduced length of stay and complications in selected patients admitted to a regional vascular seurgery service. Geriatrics, 5(4), 78. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5040078

Older adults undergoing vascular surgery, are particularly vulnerable to adverse outcomes by virtue of their vascular risk factors and medical comorbidities. This study aimed to determine the impact of daily medical liaison for patients aged 65 years... Read More about Daily medical liaison is associated with reduced length of stay and complications in selected patients admitted to a regional vascular seurgery service.

Factors associated with advanced colorectal cancer differ between young and older adults in England: A population-based cohort study (2020)
Journal Article
Chambers, A. C., Dixon, S. W., White, P., Thomas, M. G., Williams, A. C., & Messenger, D. E. (in press). Factors associated with advanced colorectal cancer differ between young and older adults in England: A population-based cohort study. Colorectal Disease, https://doi.org/10.1111/codi.15361

Aim: Advanced stage presentation of colorectal cancer is associated with poorer survival outcomes, particularly among young adults. This study aimed to determine whether demographic risk factors for advanced stage presentation differed between young... Read More about Factors associated with advanced colorectal cancer differ between young and older adults in England: A population-based cohort study.

The mental health effects of pet death during childhood: Is it better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all? (2020)
Journal Article
Crawford, K. M., Davis, K. A., Nishimi, K., Smith, A. D., Dunn, E. C., Crawford, K., …Dunn, E. (in press). The mental health effects of pet death during childhood: Is it better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all?. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01594-5

Pet ownership is common. Growing evidence suggests children form deep emotional attachments to their pets. Yet, little is known about children’s emotional reactions to a pet’s death. The goal of this study was to describe the relationship between exp... Read More about The mental health effects of pet death during childhood: Is it better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all?.

Population implications of cessation of IVF during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020)
Journal Article
Smith, A. D., Gromski, P. S., Al Rashid, K., Tilling, K., Lawlor, D. A., & Nelson, S. M. (2020). Population implications of cessation of IVF during the COVID-19 pandemic. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 41(3), 428-430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2020.07.002

Research question: Discontinuation of IVF cycles has been part of the radical transformation of healthcare provision to enable reallocation of staff and resources to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. This study sought to estimate the impact of cessati... Read More about Population implications of cessation of IVF during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Manometry performed at indwelling pleural catheter insertion to predict unexpandable lung (2020)
Journal Article
Halford, P. J., Bhatnagar, R., White, P., Haris, M., Harrison, R. N., Holme, J., …Maskell, N. A. (2020). Manometry performed at indwelling pleural catheter insertion to predict unexpandable lung. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 12(4), 1374-1384. https://doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2020.02.25

Background: The finding of unexpandable lung (UL) at an early timepoint is of increasing importance in guiding treatment decisions in patients with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Pleural manometry is the most common technique to delineate UL, howe... Read More about Manometry performed at indwelling pleural catheter insertion to predict unexpandable lung.

Internet-delivered attentional bias modification training (iABMT) for the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial (2020)
Journal Article
Liossi, C., Georgallis, T., Zhang, J., Hamilton, F., White, P., & Schoth, D. E. (2020). Internet-delivered attentional bias modification training (iABMT) for the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 10(2), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030607

Introduction Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a complex medical condition that can significantly impact quality of life. Patients with chronic pain demonstrate attentional biases towards pain-related information. The therapeutic benefits of modifying... Read More about Internet-delivered attentional bias modification training (iABMT) for the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

The Pre-BRA (pre-pectoral Breast Reconstruction EvAluation) feasibility study: protocol for a mixed-methods IDEAL 2a/2b prospective cohort study to determine the safety and effectiveness of prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction (2020)
Journal Article
Harvey, K. L., Mills, N., White, P., Holcombe, C., Potter, S., & The Pre-BRA Feasibility Study Steering Group, . (2020). The Pre-BRA (pre-pectoral Breast Reconstruction EvAluation) feasibility study: protocol for a mixed-methods IDEAL 2a/2b prospective cohort study to determine the safety and effectiveness of prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction. BMJ Open, 10(1), e033641. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033641

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. INTRODUCTION: Implant-based breast reconstruction is the most commonly performed reconstructive technique worldwide. Subpectoral reconstruction with mesh is the... Read More about The Pre-BRA (pre-pectoral Breast Reconstruction EvAluation) feasibility study: protocol for a mixed-methods IDEAL 2a/2b prospective cohort study to determine the safety and effectiveness of prepectoral implant-based breast reconstruction.

Clinically Actionable Insights into Initial and Matched Recurrent Glioblastomas to Inform Novel Treatment Approaches (2019)
Journal Article
Ellis, H. P., McInerney, C. E., Schrimpf, D., Sahm, F., Stupnikov, A., Wadsley, M., …Kurian, K. M. (2019). Clinically Actionable Insights into Initial and Matched Recurrent Glioblastomas to Inform Novel Treatment Approaches. Journal of Oncology, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4878547

© 2019 H. P. Ellis et al. Glioblastoma is the most common primary adult brain tumour, and despite optimal treatment, the median survival is 12-15 months. Patients with matched recurrent glioblastomas were investigated to try to find actionable mutati... Read More about Clinically Actionable Insights into Initial and Matched Recurrent Glioblastomas to Inform Novel Treatment Approaches.

Live birth rates and perinatal outcomes when all embryos are frozen compared with conventional fresh and frozen embryo transfer: a cohort study of 337,148 in vitro fertilisation cycles (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, A., Tilling, K., Lawlor, D., & Nelson, S. (2019). Live birth rates and perinatal outcomes when all embryos are frozen compared with conventional fresh and frozen embryo transfer: a cohort study of 337,148 in vitro fertilisation cycles. BMC Medicine, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-019-1429-z

BACKGROUND: It is not known whether segmentation of an in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycle, with freezing of all embryos prior to transfer, increases the chance of a live birth after all embryos are transferred. METHODS: In a prospective study of UK H... Read More about Live birth rates and perinatal outcomes when all embryos are frozen compared with conventional fresh and frozen embryo transfer: a cohort study of 337,148 in vitro fertilisation cycles.

Adversity exposure during sensitive periods predicts accelerated epigenetic aging in children (2019)
Journal Article
Marini, S., Davis, K. A., Soare, T. W., Zhu, Y., Suderman, M. J., Simpkin, A. J., …Dunn, E. C. (2020). Adversity exposure during sensitive periods predicts accelerated epigenetic aging in children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 113, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.104484

Objectives: Exposure to adversity has been linked to accelerated biological aging, which in turn has been shown to predict numerous physical and mental health problems. In recent years, measures of DNA methylation-based epigenetic age––known as “epig... Read More about Adversity exposure during sensitive periods predicts accelerated epigenetic aging in children.

Characterising recovery from renal transplantation and live-related donation using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (2019)
Journal Article
Angell, J., Dodds, N., Darweish-Mednuik, A. M., Lewis, S., Pyke, M., Mitchell, D. C., …Tolchard, S. (in press). Characterising recovery from renal transplantation and live-related donation using cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Disability and Rehabilitation, https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1674387

Background: An association between end-stage renal failure and exercise intolerance exists. Whether live kidney donation impacts on exercise tolerance is unknown. Here recovery post renal transplant and donation using cardiopulmonary exercise testing... Read More about Characterising recovery from renal transplantation and live-related donation using cardiopulmonary exercise testing.

Preliminary testing: The devil of statistics? (2019)
Journal Article
Pearce, J., & Derrick, B. (2019). Preliminary testing: The devil of statistics?. https://doi.org/10.31273/reinvention.v12i2.339

In quantitative research, the selection of the most appropriate statistical test for the comparison of two-independent samples can be problematic. There is a lack of consensus in the Statistics community regarding the appropriate approach; particular... Read More about Preliminary testing: The devil of statistics?.

An example motivated discourse of the chi-squared test of association (2 by 2) (2019)
Other
White, P., Redford, P., & Macdonald, J. (2019). An example motivated discourse of the chi-squared test of association (2 by 2)

An example application of the chi-square test of association is given through a set of questions and answers. The emphasis is on methodological aspects and what can be legitimately inferred, if anything. It is strongly highlighted that statistical... Read More about An example motivated discourse of the chi-squared test of association (2 by 2).

Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours (2019)
Journal Article
Bornioli, A., Lewis-Smith, H., Smith, A., Slater, A., & Bray, I. (2019). Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours. Social Science and Medicine, 238, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112458

Rationale Body dissatisfaction is prevalent among teenagers, and may influence the uptake of risky health behaviours. Objective The study assessed the influence of body dissatisfaction on smoking, cannabis use, drug use, self-harm, gambling, and... Read More about Adolescent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Predictors of later risky health behaviours.

Parametric and non-parametric tests for the comparison of two samples which both include paired and unpaired observations (2019)
Journal Article
Derrick, B., White, P., & Toher, D. (2019). Parametric and non-parametric tests for the comparison of two samples which both include paired and unpaired observations. Journal of modern applied statistical methods : JMASM, 18(1), https://doi.org/10.22237/jmasm/1556669520

Samples that include both independent and paired observations cause a dilemma for researchers that covers the full breadth of empirical research. Parametric approaches for the comparison of two samples using all available observations are considered,... Read More about Parametric and non-parametric tests for the comparison of two samples which both include paired and unpaired observations.

Young carers in England: Findings from the 2018 BBC survey on the prevalence and nature of caring among young people (2019)
Journal Article
Joseph, S., Kendall, C., Toher, D., Sempik, J., Holland, J., & Becker, S. (2019). Young carers in England: Findings from the 2018 BBC survey on the prevalence and nature of caring among young people. Child: Care, Health and Development, 45(4), 606-612. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12674

© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Background: Many young people are involved in caring for parents, siblings, or other relatives who have an illness or disability. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of caring by young people in England... Read More about Young carers in England: Findings from the 2018 BBC survey on the prevalence and nature of caring among young people.

Digging the optimum pit: Antlions, spirals and spontaneous stratification (2019)
Journal Article
Franks, N. R., Worley, A., Falkenberg, M., Sendova-Franks, A. B., & Christensen, K. (2019). Digging the optimum pit: Antlions, spirals and spontaneous stratification. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286(1899), 20190365. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.0365

Most animal traps are constructed from self-secreted silk, so antlions are rare among trap builders because they use only materials found in the environment. We show how antlions exploit the properties of the substrate to produce very effective struc... Read More about Digging the optimum pit: Antlions, spirals and spontaneous stratification.

Social flocculation in plant–animal worms (2019)
Journal Article
Worley, A., Sendova-Franks, A. B., & Franks, N. R. (2019). Social flocculation in plant–animal worms. Royal Society Open Science, 6(3), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181626

Individual animals can often move more safely or more efficiently as members of a group. This can be as simple as safety in numbers or as sophisticated as aerodynamic or hydrodynamic cooperation. Here, we show that individual plant–animal worms (Syms... Read More about Social flocculation in plant–animal worms.

Sensitive periods for the effect of childhood adversity on DNA methylation: Results from a prospective, longitudinal study (2019)
Journal Article
Dunn, E. C., Soare, T. W., Zhu, Y., Simpkin, A. J., Suderman, M. J., Klengel, T., …Relton, C. L. (2019). Sensitive periods for the effect of childhood adversity on DNA methylation: Results from a prospective, longitudinal study. Biological Psychiatry, 85(10), 838-849. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2018.12.023

Background: Exposure to "early life" adversity is known to predict DNA methylation (DNAm) patterns that may be related to psychiatric risk. However, few studies have investigated whether adversity has time-dependent effects based on the age at exposu... Read More about Sensitive periods for the effect of childhood adversity on DNA methylation: Results from a prospective, longitudinal study.

Asymmetric ommatidia count and behavioural lateralization in the ant Temnothorax albipennis (2018)
Journal Article
Hunt, E., Dornan, S., Sendova-Franks, A., & Franks, N. (2018). Asymmetric ommatidia count and behavioural lateralization in the ant Temnothorax albipennis. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 5825. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23652-4

© 2018 The Author(s). Workers of the house-hunting ant Temnothorax albipennis rely on visual edge following and landmark recognition to navigate their rocky environment, and they also exhibit a leftward turning bias when exploring unknown nest sites.... Read More about Asymmetric ommatidia count and behavioural lateralization in the ant Temnothorax albipennis.