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Association between neonatal resuscitation and a single nucleotide polymorphism rs1835740

Odd, David; Varadi, Anikó; Rajatileka, Shavanthi; Molnár, Elek; Luyt, Karen

Authors

David Odd

Aniko Varadi Aniko.Varadi@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Biomedical Research

Shavanthi Rajatileka shavanthi.rajatileka@uwe.ac.uk

Elek Molnár

Karen Luyt



Abstract

© 2016 Foundation Acta Pædiatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Aim The aim of this work was to test whether three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) implicated in glutamate homoeostasis or signalling and cellular survival are associated with birth condition. Methods This study is drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. A total of 7611 term infants were genotyped and patient outcome data retrieved from routine medical records. Exposure measures were the presence of one or more minor alleles in one of 3 SNPs (rs2284411, rs2498804, rs1835740). The primary outcome was the need for resuscitation at birth. Results For SNP rs1835740, infants homozygous for the minor allele compared to wild type were more likely to need resuscitation (9.2% vs. 7.0%, p = 0.041), while the odds ratio for resuscitation was associated with each increasing minor allele [OR 1.17 (1.01-1.35)]. Population attributable risk fraction was 6.5%. There was no evidence that the other two SNPs investigated were associated with birth condition. Conclusion We have tested three candidate SNPs to measure any association with birth condition. The study revealed that the rs1835740 was associated with the need for resuscitation and Apgar scores, with a substantial population impact.

Citation

Váradi, A., Odd, D., Varadi, A., Rajatileka, S., Molnár, E., & Luyt, K. (2016). Association between neonatal resuscitation and a single nucleotide polymorphism rs1835740. Acta Paediatrica, 105(7), e307-e312. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13421

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 4, 2016
Publication Date Jul 1, 2016
Journal Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Print ISSN 0803-5253
Electronic ISSN 1651-2227
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 105
Issue 7
Pages e307-e312
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13421
Keywords Asphyxia Neonatorum, Brain, Cohort Studies, Hypoxia-Ischemia, Glutamate, Polymorphism
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/922013
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.13421

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