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Parents’ prioritised outcomes for trials investigating treatments for paediatric severe infection: A qualitative synthesis (2019)
Journal Article
Woolfall, K., O'Hara, C., Deja, E., Canter, R., Khan, I., Mouncey, P., …Inwald, D. (2019). Parents’ prioritised outcomes for trials investigating treatments for paediatric severe infection: A qualitative synthesis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 104(11), 1077-1082. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-316807

Objective: To identify parents' prioritised outcomes by combining qualitative findings from two trial feasibility studies of interventions for paediatric suspected severe infection. Design: Qualitative synthesis combining parent interview data from t... Read More about Parents’ prioritised outcomes for trials investigating treatments for paediatric severe infection: A qualitative synthesis.

Efficacy, safety and impact on antimicrobial resistance of duration and dose of amoxicillin treatment for young children with Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A protocol for a randomIsed controlled Trial (CAP-IT) (2019)
Journal Article
Lyttle, M. D., Bielicki, J. A., Barratt, S., Dunn, D., Finn, A., Harper, L., …Sharland, M. (2019). Efficacy, safety and impact on antimicrobial resistance of duration and dose of amoxicillin treatment for young children with Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A protocol for a randomIsed controlled Trial (CAP-IT). BMJ Open, 9(5), e029875. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029875

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. Introduction Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common indication for antibiotic treatment in young children. Data are limited regarding the ideal dose and... Read More about Efficacy, safety and impact on antimicrobial resistance of duration and dose of amoxicillin treatment for young children with Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A protocol for a randomIsed controlled Trial (CAP-IT).

Enhancing practitioners’ confidence in recruitment and consent in the EcLiPSE trial: A mixed-method evaluation of site training – a Paediatric Emergency Research in the United Kingdom and Ireland (PERUKI) study (2019)
Journal Article
Woolfall, K., Roper, L., Humphreys, A., Lyttle, M. D., Messahel, S., Lee, E., …Appleton, R. (2019). Enhancing practitioners’ confidence in recruitment and consent in the EcLiPSE trial: A mixed-method evaluation of site training – a Paediatric Emergency Research in the United Kingdom and Ireland (PERUKI) study. Trials, 20, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3273-z

Background: EcLiPSE (Emergency treatment with Levetiracetam or Phenytoin in Status Epilepticus in children) is a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in the United Kingdom. Challenges to success include the need to immediately administer an intervention... Read More about Enhancing practitioners’ confidence in recruitment and consent in the EcLiPSE trial: A mixed-method evaluation of site training – a Paediatric Emergency Research in the United Kingdom and Ireland (PERUKI) study.

Incidence of medically attended paediatric burns across the UK (2019)
Journal Article
Davies, K., Johnson, E. L., Hollén, L., Jones, H. M., Lyttle, M. D., Maguire, S., & Kemp, A. M. (2020). Incidence of medically attended paediatric burns across the UK. Injury Prevention, 26(1), 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042881

Objective: Childhood burns represent a burden on health services, yet the full extent of the problem is difficult to quantify. We estimated the annual UK incidence from primary care (PC), emergency attendances (EA), hospital admissions (HA) and death... Read More about Incidence of medically attended paediatric burns across the UK.

Canadian and UK/Ireland practice patterns in lumbar puncture performance in febrile neonates with bronchiolitis (2019)
Journal Article
Simone, L., Lyttle, M. D., Roland, D., Stephens, D., & Schuh, S. (2019). Canadian and UK/Ireland practice patterns in lumbar puncture performance in febrile neonates with bronchiolitis. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36(3), 148-153. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-208000

Background Serious bacterial infections in young infants with bronchiolitis are rare. Febrile infants

Delayed presentations to emergency departments of children with head injury: A PREDICT study (2019)
Journal Article
Borland, M. L., Dalziel, S. R., Phillips, N., Lyttle, M. D., Bressan, S., Oakley, E., …Babl, F. E. (2019). Delayed presentations to emergency departments of children with head injury: A PREDICT study. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 74(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.11.035

© 2018 American College of Emergency Physicians Study objective: Existing clinical decision rules guide management for head-injured children presenting 24 hours or sooner after injury, even though some may present greater than 24 hours afterward. We... Read More about Delayed presentations to emergency departments of children with head injury: A PREDICT study.

Exposure and confidence with critical non-airway procedures: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine physicians (2018)
Journal Article
Craig, S., Auerbach, M., Cheek, J. A., Babl, F., Oakley, E., Nguyen, L., …Dalziel, S. (in press). Exposure and confidence with critical non-airway procedures: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine physicians. Pediatric Emergency Care,

Background: Children rarely experience critical illness, resulting in low exposure of emergency physicians (EPs) to critical procedures. Our primary objective was to describe senior EP confidence, most recent performance and/or supervision of criti... Read More about Exposure and confidence with critical non-airway procedures: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine physicians.

Paediatric intentional head injuries in the emergency department: A multicentre prospective cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Lyttle, M. D., Babl, F. E., Pfeiffer, H., Dalziel, S. R., Oakley, E., Anderson, V., …Crowe, L. (2019). Paediatric intentional head injuries in the emergency department: A multicentre prospective cohort study. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 31(4), 546-554. https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13202

© 2018 Australasian College for Emergency Medicine Objective: Although there is a large body of research on head injury (HI) inflicted by caregivers in young children, little is known about intentional HI in older children and inflicted HI by perpetr... Read More about Paediatric intentional head injuries in the emergency department: A multicentre prospective cohort study.

A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Comparing Clinical Decision Rules PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE With Usual Care for the Management of Pediatric Head Injury (2018)
Journal Article
Dalziel, K., Cheek, J. A., Fanning, L., Borland, M. L., Phillips, N., Kochar, A., …Babl, F. E. (2019). A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Comparing Clinical Decision Rules PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE With Usual Care for the Management of Pediatric Head Injury. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 73(5), 429-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.09.030

© 2018 American College of Emergency Physicians Study objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of 3 clinical decision rules in comparison to Australian and New Zealand usual care: the Children's Head Injury Algorithm for the Prediction of Impor... Read More about A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Comparing Clinical Decision Rules PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE With Usual Care for the Management of Pediatric Head Injury.

Defining significant childhood illness and injury in the Emergency Department: A consensus of UK and Ireland expert opinion (2018)
Journal Article
Lillitos, P. J., Lyttle, M. D., Roland, D., Powell, C. V., Sandell, J., Rowland, A. G., …Maconochie, I. K. (2018). Defining significant childhood illness and injury in the Emergency Department: A consensus of UK and Ireland expert opinion. Emergency Medicine Journal, 35(11), 685-690. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-207802

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Background Clarifying whether paediatric early warning scores (PEWS) accurately predict significant illness is a research priority for UK and... Read More about Defining significant childhood illness and injury in the Emergency Department: A consensus of UK and Ireland expert opinion.

Preferred learning modalities and practice for critical skills: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine clinicians (2018)
Journal Article
Craig, S. S., Auerbach, M., Cheek, J. A., Babl, F. E., Oakley, E., Nguyen, L., …Dalziel, S. R. (2019). Preferred learning modalities and practice for critical skills: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine clinicians. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36(5), 273-280. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2017-207384

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Objective To describe senior paediatric emergency clinician perspectives on the optimal frequency of and preferred modalities for practising... Read More about Preferred learning modalities and practice for critical skills: A global survey of paediatric emergency medicine clinicians.

External validation of the Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries in children (2018)
Journal Article
Undén, J., Dalziel, S. R., Borland, M. L., Phillips, N., Kochar, A., Lyttle, M. D., …Babl, F. E. (2018). External validation of the Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries in children. BMC Medicine, 16(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1166-8

© 2018 The Author(s). Background: Clinical decision rules (CDRs) aid in the management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Recently, the Scandinavian Neurotrauma Committee (SNC) has published practical, evidence-based guidelines for childr... Read More about External validation of the Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries in children.

A Longitudinal Examination of the Relationship between Trauma-Related Cognitive Factors and Internalising and Externalising Psychopathology in Physically Injured Children (2018)
Journal Article
Hiller, R. M., Creswell, C., Meiser-Stedman, R., Lobo, S., Cowdrey, F., Lyttle, M. D., …Halligan, S. L. (2019). A Longitudinal Examination of the Relationship between Trauma-Related Cognitive Factors and Internalising and Externalising Psychopathology in Physically Injured Children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47(4), 683-693. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-018-0477-8

© 2018, The Author(s). Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) highlight maladaptive posttrauma appraisals, trauma memory qualities, and coping strategies, such as rumination or thought suppression, as key processes that maintain PTS... Read More about A Longitudinal Examination of the Relationship between Trauma-Related Cognitive Factors and Internalising and Externalising Psychopathology in Physically Injured Children.

Epidemiology and aetiology of paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest in England and Wales (2018)
Journal Article
Vassallo, J., Webster, M., Barnard, E. B. G., Lyttle, M. D., & Smith, J. E. (2019). Epidemiology and aetiology of paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest in England and Wales. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 104(5), 437-443. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-314985

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Objective To describe the epidemiology and aetiology of paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) in England and Wales. Design Population-bas... Read More about Epidemiology and aetiology of paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest in England and Wales.

Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest: The development of an algorithm to guide recognition, management and decisions to terminate resuscitation (2018)
Journal Article
Vassallo, J., Nutbeam, T., Rickard, A. C., Lyttle, M. D., Scholefield, B., Maconochie, I. K., & Smith, J. E. (2018). Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest: The development of an algorithm to guide recognition, management and decisions to terminate resuscitation. Emergency Medicine Journal, 35(11), 669-674. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-207739

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Introduction Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is a high acuity, low frequency event. Traditionally, survival from TCA has been repor... Read More about Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest: The development of an algorithm to guide recognition, management and decisions to terminate resuscitation.

Accuracy of NEXUS II head injury decision rule in children: A prospective PREDICT cohort study (2018)
Journal Article
Babl, F. E., Oakley, E., Dalziel, S. R., Borland, M. L., Phillips, N., Kochar, A., …Lyttle, M. D. (2019). Accuracy of NEXUS II head injury decision rule in children: A prospective PREDICT cohort study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36(1), 4-11. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2017-207435

© 2019 Author(s). Objective The National Emergency X-Radiography Utilisation Study II (NEXUS II) clinical decision rule (CDR) can be used to optimise the use of CT in children with head trauma. We set out to externally validate this CDR in a large co... Read More about Accuracy of NEXUS II head injury decision rule in children: A prospective PREDICT cohort study.

Restricted fluid bolus volume in early septic shock: Results of the Fluids in Shock pilot trial (2018)
Journal Article
Inwald, D., Canter, R., Woolfall, K., Mouncey, P., Zenasni, Z., O'Hara, C., …Rowan, K. (2019). Restricted fluid bolus volume in early septic shock: Results of the Fluids in Shock pilot trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 104(5), 426-431. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-314924

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. Objective To determine the feasibility of Fluids in Shock, a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of restricted fluid bolus volume (10 mL/kg) versus recommended pra... Read More about Restricted fluid bolus volume in early septic shock: Results of the Fluids in Shock pilot trial.

The "Petechiae in children" (PiC) study: Evaluating potential clinical decision rules for the management of feverish children with non-blanching rashes, including the role of point of care testing for Procalcitonin & Neisseria meningitidis DNA - a stu (2018)
Journal Article
Waterfield, T., Lyttle, M., Fairley, D., Mckenna, J., Woolfall, K., Lynn, F., …Shields, M. D. (2018). The "Petechiae in children" (PiC) study: Evaluating potential clinical decision rules for the management of feverish children with non-blanching rashes, including the role of point of care testing for Procalcitonin & Neisseria meningitidis DNA - a study protocol. BMC Pediatrics, 18(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1220-x

© 2018 The Author(s). Background: Children commonly present to Emergency Departments (ED) with a non-blanching rash in the context of a feverish illness. While most have a self-limiting viral illness, this combination of features potentially represen... Read More about The "Petechiae in children" (PiC) study: Evaluating potential clinical decision rules for the management of feverish children with non-blanching rashes, including the role of point of care testing for Procalcitonin & Neisseria meningitidis DNA - a stu.

Comparing the usability of paediatric weight estimation methods: A simulation study (2018)
Journal Article
Marlow, R. D., Wood, D. L., & Lyttle, M. D. (2019). Comparing the usability of paediatric weight estimation methods: A simulation study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 104(2), 121-123. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-314873

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. Objective Estimating weight is essential in order to prepare appropriate sized equipment and doses of resuscitation drugs in cases where chil... Read More about Comparing the usability of paediatric weight estimation methods: A simulation study.