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Stimulating fungi Pleurotus ostreatus with hydrocortisone (2021)
Journal Article
Dehshibi, M. M., Chiolerio, A., Nikolaidou, A., Mayne, R., Gandia, A., Ashtari, M., & Adamatzky, A. (2021). Stimulating fungi Pleurotus ostreatus with hydrocortisone. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering, 7(8), 3718–3726. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00752

Fungi cells can sense extracellular signals via reception, transduction, and response mechanisms, allowing them to communicate with their host and adapt to their environment. They feature effective regulatory protein expressions that enhance and regu... Read More about Stimulating fungi Pleurotus ostreatus with hydrocortisone.

Neuromorphic liquid marbles with aqueous carbon nanotube cores (2019)
Journal Article
Whiting, J. G., De Lacy Costello, B. P., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., Adamatzky, A., Draper, T. C., …Fullarton, C. (2019). Neuromorphic liquid marbles with aqueous carbon nanotube cores. Langmuir, 35, 13182-13188. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b02552

Neuromorphic computing devices attempt to emulate features of biological nervous systems through mimicking the properties of synapses, towards implementing the emergent properties of their counterparts, such as learning. Inspired by recent advances i... Read More about Neuromorphic liquid marbles with aqueous carbon nanotube cores.

Interspecies Urban Planning, Reimaging City Infrastructures with Slime Mould (2019)
Book Chapter
Dillon, T. (2019). Interspecies Urban Planning, Reimaging City Infrastructures with Slime Mould. . River Publishers

The slime mould Physarum polycephalum optimises its shape in a geometrically constrained space. We explore this property in order to reconsider how we could develop more inclusive, interspecies approaches to urban planning and infrastructure. Working... Read More about Interspecies Urban Planning, Reimaging City Infrastructures with Slime Mould.

Observation, characterization and modeling of memristor current spikes (2013)
Journal Article
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2013). Observation, characterization and modeling of memristor current spikes. https://doi.org/10.12785/amis/070418

Memristors have been compared to neurons (usually specifically the synapses) since 1976 but no experimental evidence has been offered for support for this position. Here we highlight that memristors naturally form fast-response, highly reproducible a... Read More about Observation, characterization and modeling of memristor current spikes.

Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., Matthews, O., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2013, April). Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation. Paper presented at First AISB symposium on Music and Unconventional Computing

We undertook a study of the use of a memristor network for music generation, making use of the memristor's memory to go beyond the Markov hypothesis. Seed transition matrices are created and populated using memristor equations, and which are shown to... Read More about Beyond Markov chains, towards adaptive memristor network-based music generation.

Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks (2011)
Journal Article
Holley, J., Jahan, I., De Lacy Costello, B., Bull, L., & Adamatzky, A. (2011). Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks. Physical Review E, 84(5), 056110. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.056110

Excitation waves on a subexcitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) substrate can be manipulated by chemical variations in the substrate and by interactions with other waves. Symbolic assignment and interpretation of wave dynamics can be used to perform log... Read More about Logical and arithmetic circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky encapsulated disks.

Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Gale, E., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2011, November). Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results. Poster presented at Building Bridges to Build Brains

Individual memristors have been observed demonstrating neuron-like spiking patterns. It has been shown elsewhere that memristors provide superior modelling for neurons then the Hodgkin-Huxley model. Due to these results we expect memristors to be e... Read More about Neuromorphic computing with memristors: Preliminary experimental results.

Towards constructing one-bit binary adder in excitable chemical medium (2011)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Lacy Costello, B. D., de Lacy Costello, B., Adamatzky, A., Jahan, I., & Zhang, L. (2011). Towards constructing one-bit binary adder in excitable chemical medium. Chemical Physics, 381(1-3), 88-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.01.014

The light-sensitive modification (ruthenium catalysed) of the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction exhibits various excitability regimes depending on the level of illumination. Within a narrow range of applied illumination levels the medium is in a sub-exci... Read More about Towards constructing one-bit binary adder in excitable chemical medium.

Chemical tessellations - Results of binary and tertiary reactions between metal ions and ferricyanide or ferrocyanide loaded gels (2010)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Jahan, I., De Lacy Costello, B. P., de Lacy Costello, B., Jahan, I., Hambidge, P., …Adamatzky, A. (2010). Chemical tessellations - Results of binary and tertiary reactions between metal ions and ferricyanide or ferrocyanide loaded gels. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 20(7), 2241-2252. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218127410027064

In our recent letter [de Lacy Costello et al., 2009] we described the formation of spontaneous complex tessellations of the plane constructed in simple chemical reactions between drops of metal salts and ferricyanide or ferrocyanide loaded gels. In t... Read More about Chemical tessellations - Results of binary and tertiary reactions between metal ions and ferricyanide or ferrocyanide loaded gels.

Artificial life models in hardware (2009)
Book
Komosinski, M., Adamatzky, A., Ieropoulos, I., Greenman, J., Melhuish, C., & Horsfield, I. (2009). A. Adamatzky, & M. Komosinski (Eds.), Artificial life models in hardware. London: Spinger-Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-530-7

Hopping, climbing and swimming robots, nano-size neural networks, motorless walkers, slime mould and chemical brains - 'Artificial Life Models in Hardware' offers unique designs and prototypes of life-like creatures in conventional hardware and hybri... Read More about Artificial life models in hardware.

Reaction-diffusion controllers for robots (2009)
Book Chapter
De Lacy Costello, B., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., & Yokoi, H. (2009). Reaction-diffusion controllers for robots. In A. Adamatzky, & M. Komosinski (Eds.), Artificial Life Models in Hardware, (233-264). London: Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-530-7_11

Excitable systems, particularly spatially extended media, exhibit a wide variety of travelling patterns and different modes of interaction. The Belousov-Zhabo-tinsky [1] (BZ) reaction is the most well known and extensively studied example of non-line... Read More about Reaction-diffusion controllers for robots.

Experimental validation of binary collisions between wave fragments in the photosensitive Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction (2009)
Journal Article
Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., & Bull, L. (2009). Experimental validation of binary collisions between wave fragments in the photosensitive Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, 41(4), 1605-1615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2008.07.001

Using the examples of an excitable chemical system (the Belousov–Zhabotinsky medium) and plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum we show that universal computation in a geometrically unconstrained medium is only possible when resources (excitability or c... Read More about Experimental validation of binary collisions between wave fragments in the photosensitive Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction.

Spiral formation and degeneration in heterogeneous excitable media (2009)
Journal Article
Toth, R., De Lacy Costello, B., Stone, C., Masere, J., Adamatzky, A., & Bull, L. (2009). Spiral formation and degeneration in heterogeneous excitable media. Physical Review E, 79(3), 035101(R) (4 pages). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.79.035101

Spontaneous spiral formation occurs when an excitation wave is input to a heterogeneous network of low- and high-light-intensity cells projected onto a light-sensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. The range of network conditions where spirals form... Read More about Spiral formation and degeneration in heterogeneous excitable media.

Implementation of glider guns in the light-sensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium (2009)
Journal Article
De Lacy Costello, B., Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., & Bull, L. (2009). Implementation of glider guns in the light-sensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium. Physical Review E, 79(2), 026114. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.79.026114

In cellular automata models a glider gun is an oscillating pattern of nonquiescent states that periodically emits traveling localizations (gliders). The glider streams can be combined to construct functionally complete systems of logical gates and th... Read More about Implementation of glider guns in the light-sensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium.

Chemical tessellations (2009)
Journal Article
Ratcliffe, N. M., Adamatzky, A., Jahan, I., De Lacy Costello, B. P., de Lacy Costello, B., Jahan, I., …Ratcliffe, N. M. (2009). Chemical tessellations. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 19(2), 619-622. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218127409023238

We report a simple set of chemical reactions based on the reaction of a range of metal salts with potassium ferricyanide loaded gels that spontaneously produce complex and colorful tessellations of the plane. These reactions provide a great resource... Read More about Chemical tessellations.

Reaction diffusion computers (2009)
Book
Adamatzky, A., de Lacy Costello, B., & Asai, T. (2009). Reaction diffusion computers. Springer Verlag, London

Dynamic control and information processing in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a coevolutionary algorithm (2008)
Journal Article
Toth, R., Stone, C., Adamatzky, A., De Lacy Costello, B., & Bull, L. (2008). Dynamic control and information processing in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a coevolutionary algorithm. Journal of Chemical Physics, 129(18), 184708. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2932252

We propose that the behavior of nonlinear media can be controlled dynamically through coevolutionary systems. In this study, a light-sensitive subexcitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction is controlled using a heterogeneous cellular automaton. A checke... Read More about Dynamic control and information processing in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction using a coevolutionary algorithm.

On logical gates in precipitating medium: Cellular automaton model (2008)
Journal Article
Costello, B. D. L., Martínez, G. J., Martinez, G. J., Adamatzky, A., & de Lacy Costello, B. (2008). On logical gates in precipitating medium: Cellular automaton model. Physics Letters A, 372(31), 5115-5119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2008.05.087

We study a two-dimensional semi-totalistic binary cell-state cellular automaton, which imitates a reversible precipitation in an abstract chemical medium. The systems exhibits a non-trivial growth and nucleation. We demonstrate how basic computationa... Read More about On logical gates in precipitating medium: Cellular automaton model.