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Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms (2019)
Journal Article
Hauert, S., Carrillo-Zapata, D., Sharpe, J., Winfield, A. F. T., & Giuggioli, L. (2019). Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 4(4), 3386-3393. https://doi.org/10.1109/LRA.2019.2926961

Morphogenetic engineering aims to achieve functional, self-organized but controllable structures in human-designed systems. Controlling the structures is crucial if they are to be used for real-world applications. Building on previous work on morphog... Read More about Toward controllable morphogenesis in large robot swarms.

Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems (2019)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F., Michael, K., Pitt, J., & Evers, V. (2019). Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(3), 509-517. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2019.2900622

© 1963-2012 IEEE. The so-called fourth industrial revolution and its economic and societal implications are no longer solely an academic concern, but a matter for political as well as public debate. Characterized as the convergence of robotics, AI, a... Read More about Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems.

On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots (2019)
Journal Article
Bremner, P., Dennis, L. A., Fisher, M., & Winfield, A. F. (2019). On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(3), 541-561. https://doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2019.2898267

Previous work on ethical machine reasoning has largely been theoretical, and where such systems have been implemented it has in general been only initial proofs of principle. Here we address the question of desirable attributes for such systems to im... Read More about On proactive, transparent and verifiable ethical reasoning for robots.

Ethical standards in Robotics and AI (2019)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. (2019). Ethical standards in Robotics and AI. Nature Electronics, 2(2), 46-48

A new generation of ethical standards in robotics and artificial intelligence is emerging as a direct response to a growing awareness of the ethical, legal and societal impact of the fields. But what exactly are these ethical standards and how do the... Read More about Ethical standards in Robotics and AI.