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Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems

Winfield, Alan F.; Michael, Katina; Pitt, Jeremy; Evers, Vanessa


Katina Michael

Jeremy Pitt

Vanessa Evers


© 1963-2012 IEEE. The so-called fourth industrial revolution and its economic and societal implications are no longer solely an academic concern, but a matter for political as well as public debate. Characterized as the convergence of robotics, AI, autonomous systems and information technology - or cyberphysical systems - the fourth industrial revolution was the focus of the World Economic Forum, at Davos, in 2016 [1]. Also in 2016 the US White House initiated a series of public workshops on artificial intelligence (AI) and the creation of an interagency working group, and the European Parliament Committee for Legal Affairs published a draft report with recommendations to the Commission on Civil Law Rules on Robotics.


Winfield, A. F., Michael, K., Pitt, J., & Evers, V. (2019). Machine ethics: The design and governance of ethical AI and autonomous systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, 107(3), 509-517.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 19, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 7, 2019
Publication Date Mar 7, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 18, 2019
Publicly Available Date Apr 18, 2019
Journal Proceedings of the IEEE
Print ISSN 0018-9219
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 107
Issue 3
Pages 509-517
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : (c) 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.


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