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Important Treatment Outcomes for Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: A Multisite Qualitative Study

Tillett, William; Dures, Emma; Hewlett, Sarah; Lord, Jane; Bowen, Clive; McHugh, Neil

Important Treatment Outcomes for Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: A Multisite Qualitative Study Thumbnail


William Tillett

Emma Dures
Professor in Rheumatology and Self-management

Jane Lord

Clive Bowen

Neil McHugh


© 2017, The Author(s). Background: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a variable and complex inflammatory condition. Symptoms can compromise physical function, reduce quality of life, and accrue significant health costs. Commonly used patient-reported outcomes largely reflect the professionals’ perspective, however it is not known whether they capture what is important to patients. Objective: The aim of our study was to identify treatment outcomes important to patients with PsA. Methods: Eight focus groups that were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and analysed using inductive thematic analysis were conducted at five hospital sites. The full data set was analysed by the lead researcher, and subsets analysed by three team members (including patient partners). Results: Overall, 41 patients sampled for a range of phenotypes and domains of disease activity participated in the study: 20 males; mean age 58years (range 28–75, standard deviation [SD] 11.4); mean disease duration 9years (range 0.5–39, SD 8.3); and mean Health Assessment Questionnaire score of 1 (range 0.0–2.5, SD 0.7). Over 60 outcomes were identified and grouped into four themes: (i) symptom alleviation (e.g. pain, fatigue, itchy skin, swelling, and reducing variability); (ii) reduction of disease impact (e.g. tiredness and pain, mobility and dexterity, deteriorating physical fitness, negative emotional responses, and strained relationships and social interactions); (iii) improved prognosis (e.g. slowing down disease progression, maintaining independence, and enhancing quality of life); and (iv) minimisation of treatment harm and burden (e.g. nausea, long-term effects, and administration and monitoring of treatments). Conclusions: Outcomes from treatments that are important to patients, which relate to impacts from PsA and its treatment that range beyond those outcomes commonly measured, were identified. These patient perspectives need to be considered when evaluating treatments.


Tillett, W., Dures, E., Hewlett, S., Lord, J., Bowen, C., & McHugh, N. (2017). Important Treatment Outcomes for Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: A Multisite Qualitative Study. Patient, 10(4), 455-462.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 7, 2017
Online Publication Date Feb 22, 2017
Publication Date Aug 1, 2017
Publicly Available Date May 23, 2017
Journal Patient
Print ISSN 1178-1653
Electronic ISSN 1178-1661
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 4
Pages 455-462
Keywords patient perspective, patient outcomes, psoriatic arthritis, focus groups
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : The final publication is available at Springer via http:://