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An anthropomorphic design for a minimally invasive surgical system based on a survey of surgical technologies, techniques and training

Tzemanaki, Antonia; Walters, Peter; Pipe, Anthony G.; Melhuish, Chris; Dogramadzi, Sanja

Authors

Chris Melhuish Chris.Melhuish@uwe.ac.uk
AVC - Advanced Technologies & Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems



Abstract

© 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Background: Over the past century, abdominal surgery has seen a rapid transition from open procedures to less invasive methods, such as robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS). This study aimed to investigate and discuss the needs of MIS in terms of instrumentation and to inform the design of a novel instrument. Methods: A survey was conducted among surgeons regarding their opinions on surgical training, surgical systems, how satisfied they were with them and how easy they were to use. A concept for MIS robotic instrumentation was then developed and a series of focus groups with surgeons were run to discuss it. The initial prototype of the robotic instruments, herein demonstrated, comprises modular rigid links with soft joints actuated by shape memory alloy helix actuators; these instruments are controlled using a sensory hand exoskeleton. Results: The results of the survey, as well as those of the focus groups, are presented here. A first prototype of the system was built and initial laboratory tests have been conducted in order to evaluate this approach. Conclusions: The analysed data from both the survey and the focus groups justify the chosen concept of an anthropomorphic MIS robotic system which imitates the natural motion of the hands.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2014
Journal International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery
Print ISSN 1478-5951
Electronic ISSN 1478-596X
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 10
Issue 3
Pages 368-378
APA6 Citation Pipe, A. G., Tzemanaki, A., Walters, P., Pipe, A. G., Melhuish, C., & Dogramadzi, S. (2014). An anthropomorphic design for a minimally invasive surgical system based on a survey of surgical technologies, techniques and training. International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 10(3), 368-378. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1544
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1544
Keywords minimally invasive surgery, robot-assisted surgery, survey,
focus groups, multi-fingered instruments, shape memory alloy actuators, hand exoskeleton
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1544
Additional Information Additional Information : Accepted 18 September 2013. Published online first 11 October 2013. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Tzemanaki, A., Walters, P., Pipe, A. G., Melhuish, C. and Dogramadzi, S. (2014) An anthropomorphic design for a minimally invasive surgical system based on a survey of surgical technologies, techniques and training. International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 10 (3). pp. 368-378. ISSN 1478-5951, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcs.1544

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