Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale: Comparison scores from 27 sites in 22 countries

Stoler, Justin; Miller, Joshua D.; Adams, Ellis A.; Ahmed, Farooq; Alexander, Mallika; Asiki, Gershim; Balogun, Mobolanle; Boivin, Michael J.; Brewis, Alexandra; Carrillo, Genny; Chapman, Kelly; Cole, Stroma; Collins, Shalean M.; Escobar-Vargas, Jorge; Eini-Zinab, Hassan; Freeman, Matthew C.; Ghorbani, Monet; Hagaman, Ashley; Hawley, Nicola; Jamaluddine, Zeina; Jepson, Wendy E.; Krishnakumar, Divya; Maes, Kenneth; Mathad, Jyoti; Maupin, Jonathan; Owuor, Patrick Mbullo; Morales, Milton Marin; Mor�n-Mart�nez, Javier; Omidvar, Nasrin; Pearson, Amber L.; Rasheed, Sabrina; Rosinger, Asher Y.; Samayoa-Figueroa, Luisa; S�nchez-Rodr�guez, Ernesto C.; Santoso, Marianne V.; Schuster, Roseanne C.; Sheikhi, Mahdieh; Srivastava, Sonali; Staddon, Chad; Sullivan, Andrea; Tesfaye, Yihenew; Trowell, Alex; Tshala-Katumbay, Desire; Tutu, Raymond; Workman, Cassandra L.; Wutich, Amber; Young, Sera L.

The Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale: Comparison scores from 27 sites in 22 countries Thumbnail


Justin Stoler

Joshua D. Miller

Ellis A. Adams

Farooq Ahmed

Mallika Alexander

Gershim Asiki

Mobolanle Balogun

Michael J. Boivin

Alexandra Brewis

Genny Carrillo

Kelly Chapman

Stroma Cole
Occasional Associate Lecturer - FET GEM

Shalean M. Collins

Jorge Escobar-Vargas

Hassan Eini-Zinab

Matthew C. Freeman

Monet Ghorbani

Ashley Hagaman

Nicola Hawley

Zeina Jamaluddine

Wendy E. Jepson

Divya Krishnakumar

Kenneth Maes

Jyoti Mathad

Jonathan Maupin

Patrick Mbullo Owuor

Milton Marin Morales

Javier Mor�n-Mart�nez

Nasrin Omidvar

Amber L. Pearson

Sabrina Rasheed

Asher Y. Rosinger

Luisa Samayoa-Figueroa

Ernesto C. S�nchez-Rodr�guez

Marianne V. Santoso

Roseanne C. Schuster

Mahdieh Sheikhi

Sonali Srivastava

Profile Image

Chad Staddon
Professor/Associate Head of Department: Research and Scholarship

Andrea Sullivan

Yihenew Tesfaye

Alex Trowell

Desire Tshala-Katumbay

Raymond Tutu

Cassandra L. Workman

Amber Wutich

Sera L. Young


Household survey data from 27 sites in 22 countries were collected in 2017–2018 in order to construct and validate a cross-cultural household-level water insecurity scale. The resultant Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) scale presents a useful tool for monitoring and evaluating water interventions as a complement to traditional metrics used by the development community. It can also help track progress toward achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 ‘clean water and sanitation for all’. We present HWISE scale scores from 27 sites as comparative data for future studies using the HWISE scale in low-and middle-income contexts. Site-level mean scores for HWISE-12 (scored 0–36) ranged from 1.64 (SD 4.22) in Pune, India, to 20.90 (7.50) in Cartagena, Colombia, while site-level mean scores for HWISE-4 (scored 0–12) ranged from 0.51 (1.50) in Pune, India, to 8.21 (2.55) in Punjab, Pakistan. Scores tended to be higher in the dry season as expected. Data from this first implementation of the HWISE scale demonstrate the diversity of water insecurity within and across communities and can help to situate findings from future applications of this tool.


Stoler, J., Miller, J. D., Adams, E. A., Ahmed, F., Alexander, M., Asiki, G., …Young, S. L. (2021). The Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale: Comparison scores from 27 sites in 22 countries. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 11(6), 1102-1110.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 1, 2021
Online Publication Date Sep 28, 2021
Publication Date Nov 1, 2021
Deposit Date Apr 5, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 6, 2022
Journal Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development
Print ISSN 2043-9083
Electronic ISSN 2408-9362
Publisher IWA Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 6
Pages 1102-1110
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; Pollution; Waste Management and Disposal; Water Science and Technology; Development
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations