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A UK-Wide online survey of physiotherapy and occupational therapy practice for the Management of Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain (HSP)

Kumar, Praveen; McCabe, Candy; Turton, Ailie; Cramp, Mary; Smith, Mark

Authors

Candy McCabe Candy.Mccabe@uwe.ac.uk
Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair

Ailie Turton Ailie.Turton@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Occupational Therapy

Mary Cramp Mary.Cramp@uwe.ac.uk
Portfolio Lead: Health and Social Wellbeing Research

Mark Smith



Abstract

Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is a common complication of stroke that can lead to reduced quality of life. The primary aim of the present study was to identify how HSP is assessed, diagnosed and managed in routine clinical practice by physiotherapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in the UK. A secondary aim was to identify the challenges to services in the management of HSP.
Methods
A questionnaire was developed from similar surveys of musculoskeletal/neurological practice, a review of the literature and consultation with researchers and clinicians. The survey was distributed online to PT’s and OT’s working in stroke rehabilitation via professional bodies’ interest groups.
Results: Sixty seven responses were received from PTs (60%) and OTs (40%). The respondents gained knowledge in HSP management through in-service training, clinical supervision and reading (80%). HSP was routinely checked (89%) and the mean time spent on assessment was 10 minutes. Commonly used assessments were glenohumeral subluxation (94%), strength (76%), range of movement (67%), spasticity (79%) and palpation (63%). Interventions included education, exercise and self-management. Patients were discharged when treatment options were exhausted (80%). Time constraints (62%); lack of diagnosis (54%) and training (60%) were the major challenges in providing appropriate care for HSP.
Conclusion: The results suggest that a wide range of approaches are utilised by clinicans and that patients are potentially receiving treatment irrespective of the underlying problem due to lack of accurate diagnosis of the cause of HSP. A comprehensive assessment tool and additional training specific to HSP are required to improve the patients’ outcome.

Citation

Kumar, P., McCabe, C., Turton, A., Cramp, M., & Smith, M. (2017, May). A UK-Wide online survey of physiotherapy and occupational therapy practice for the Management of Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain (HSP). Paper presented at European Federation for Research in Rehabilitation

Presentation Conference Type Conference Paper (unpublished)
Conference Name European Federation for Research in Rehabilitation
Start Date May 24, 2017
End Date May 27, 2017
Acceptance Date May 24, 2017
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords shoulder pain, stroke, assessment, treatment, current practice
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : European Federation for Research in Rehabilitation