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Quality of reporting on patient and public involvement within surgical research a systematic review

Jones, Emma; Williams-Yesson, Barbara; Hackett, Rowland; Staniszewska, Sophie; Evans, David; Francis, Nader

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Emma Jones

Barbara Williams-Yesson

Rowland Hackett

Sophie Staniszewska

David Evans
Professor in Health Services Research

Nader Francis


Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Background: Recruitment difficulties are a well-reported concern in surgical literature, which may be improved by patient and public involvement (PPI). PPI within research has been defined as being conducted "with" or "by" patients or members of the public rather than being "about" or "for" them. However, the extent to which PPI is used within surgical research is unknown. Methods: Surgical literature was systematically reviewed using EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PubMed. Search terms related to (i) patients, (ii) involvement, (iii) perioperative care, and (iv) impact. Quality of PPI reporting was evaluated using the GRIPP (Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and Public checklist and the guidelines developed by Wright and Foster. A patient representative advised on the purpose and analysis of this systematic review. Results: Eight articles described PPI in surgical trials to improve the identification of research topics, study design, recruitment, retention, and data collection. Quality of PPI reporting was suboptimal, as none of the articles provided a clear account of how PPI was conceptualized. Training and support for patients, their involvement in dissemination, and a critique of the limitations of PPI were not reported. However, it was not clear whether this represents an underutilization of PPI or purely suboptimal reporting in surgery.Conclusions: There is a paucity of surgical research reporting upon PPI, and the quality of reporting is low. Further research to define appropriate standards for reporting on PPI activities may facilitate broadening the utilization and impact of PPI in surgical research.


Jones, E., Williams-Yesson, B., Hackett, R., Staniszewska, S., Evans, D., & Francis, N. (2015). Quality of reporting on patient and public involvement within surgical research a systematic review. Annals of Surgery, 261(2), 243-250.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 6, 2019
Journal Annals of Surgery
Print ISSN 0003-4932
Electronic ISSN 1528-1140
Publisher Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 261
Issue 2
Pages 243-250
Keywords surgical research, patient involvement, public involvement
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the accepted version of the article.


Prisma diagram - study selection.tif (95 Kb)

PPI systematic review -revised v8 submitted 22 3 14.doc (308 Kb)

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