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Fluvial style in the Lower Old Red Sandstone: Examples from southwest Wales, UK

Marriott, Susan B.; Hillier, Robert D.

Authors

Robert D. Hillier



Abstract

© 2014 The Geologists' Association. Studies of the behaviour of different types of present-day river channels with regard to sediment transport and depositional processes enable interpretation of fluvial deposits throughout the stratigraphic record. Early studies concentrated on the deposits of meandering and braided rivers by examining the depositional style and architecture of the sandbodies. The Lower Old Red Sandstone of southwest Wales is however a mud-dominated succession and, while there is variety in the architecture of the sandstones, up to 80% of some formations is composed of mudrocks. Detailed analysis of the Late Silurian and Early Devonian successions in southwest Wales has enabled recognition of three different styles of sandbody architecture (decimetre- to metre-thick sheets, multi-storey amalgamations and ribbon geometries), two different types of conglomerate (extraformational and intraformational), three different mudrock facies (pedogenically modified, burrowed and massive) and two types of heterolithic deposits (inclined and non-inclined). Characteristics of these units throw more light on the fluvial styles, allowing inferences that ephemeral, mud-dominated river systems were also present. Detailed study of the alluvial deposits also indicates aspects of Siluro-Devonian climate and palaeogeography.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Journal Proceedings of the Geologists' Association
Print ISSN 0016-7878
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 125
Issue 5-6
Pages 534-547
APA6 Citation Marriott, S. B., & Hillier, R. D. (2014). Fluvial style in the Lower Old Red Sandstone: Examples from southwest Wales, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 125(5-6), 534-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2014.04.002
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2014.04.002
Keywords old red sandstone, ephemeral rivers, multistorey sandstones,
palaeosols, alluvial fans
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2014.04.002
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