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Deprivation and the electoral geography of Brexit

Calvert Jump, Robert; Michell, Jo


Robert Calvert Jump

Jo Michell
Associate Professor in Economics


This paper provides a comprehensive examination of the relationship between deprivation and the electoral geography of Brexit, using the most granular referendum data and the most detailed deprivation data currently available. Using rank-based statistics we demonstrate that geographic deprivation is positively associated with Leave voting. However, this relationship is neither strong nor straightforward: educational deprivation drives the association, and once higher educational attainment or occupational composition are controlled for the association becomes negative. This has important implications for narratives that assume a causal mechanism connecting multi-dimensional deprivation with the geography of Brexit.


Calvert Jump, R., & Michell, J. (2020). Deprivation and the electoral geography of Brexit

Publication Date Dec 29, 2020
Deposit Date Feb 10, 2021
Keywords Brexit, Deprivation, Geography
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