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A review of the performance of CHIRPS and future research directions in hydro-climatic studies

Du, Hongrong; Tan, Mou Leong; Zhang, Fei; Chun, Kwok; Li, Longhui; Humayun Kabir, Muhammad


Hongrong Du

Mou Leong Tan

Fei Zhang

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Dr Kwok Chun
Lecturer in Environmental Managment

Longhui Li

Muhammad Humayun Kabir


Long-term gridded precipitation products (GPPs) are crucial for climatology and hydrological research to overcome the limitations of gauge observations. Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS) provides long-term daily precipitation data over the globe from 1981 to near-present, but its reliability varies across regions. This review aims to summarize the performance of CHIRPS from 123 research articles that published between 2015 and 2021.The findings show that the number of CHIRPS validation studies has been increased dramatically in the past two to three years. The studies were primarily conducted in China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, and India, while a relatively few studies in North America, Central Asia, and Europe. The performance of CHIRPS varied depending on geographical location and climate condition, with better performance in Africa. In contrast to other GPPs, CHIRPS is always not the best product, but it is considerablely well in capturing monthly precipitation and is suitable for assessing drought. There are also shortcomings such as inaccurate estimation of sparse sites in complex terrain areas and inaccurate capture of extreme precipitation events. Future research directions on this topic should focus on: (1) enhancing CHIPRS through the integration of gauges, satellite and reanalysis data; (2) validating CHIRPS for extreme indices calculations and relate to large-scale atmospheric circulations like ENSO; (3) evaluating the capability of CHIRPS in hydrological modelling; and (4) further validating CHIRPS under various topographical and climate conditions. This review can act as a reference to scientists who wish to apply CHIRPS in their climatology analysis and hydro-climatic modelling as well as the CHIRPS developers to further improve the product.


Du, H., Tan, M. L., Zhang, F., Chun, K., Li, L., & Humayun Kabir, M. (in press). A review of the performance of CHIRPS and future research directions in hydro-climatic studies. Theoretical and Applied Climatology,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 24, 2023
Deposit Date Oct 24, 2023
Journal Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Print ISSN 0177-798X
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Satellite products; climate; weather; water; hydroclimate
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