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Air pollution, deprivation and health: Understanding relationships to add value to local air quality management policy and practice in Wales, UK

Brunt, H.; Longhurst, J. W.S.; Scally, G.; Hayes, E.; Brunt, Huw; Barnes, J.; Jones, S. J.; Longhurst, James; Scally, Gabriel; Hayes, Enda T

Authors

H. Brunt

J. W.S. Longhurst

G. Scally

E. Hayes

Huw Brunt huw3.brunt@uwe.ac.uk

S. J. Jones

Gabriel Scally gabriel.scally@uwe.ac.uk

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Enda Hayes enda.hayes@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Air Quality and Carbon Management



Abstract

© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. All rights reserved. Background Air pollution exposure reduces life expectancy. Air pollution, deprivation and poor-health status combinations can create increased and disproportionate disease burdens. Problems and solutions are rarely considered in a broad public health context, but doing so can add value to air quality management efforts by reducing air pollution risks, impacts and inequalities. Methods An ecological study assessed small-area associations between air pollution (nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter), deprivation status and health outcomes in Wales, UK. Results Air pollution concentrations were highest in 'most' deprived areas. When considered separately, deprivation-health associations were stronger than air pollution-health associations. Considered simultaneously, air pollution added to deprivation-health associations; interactions between air pollution and deprivation modified and strengthened associations with all-cause and respiratory disease mortality, especially in 'most' deprived areas where most-vulnerable people lived and where health needs were greatest. Conclusion There is a need to reduce air pollution-related risks for all. However, it is also the case that greater health gains can result from considering local air pollution problems and solutions in the context of wider health-determinants and acting on a better understanding of relationships. Informed and co-ordinated air pollution mitigation and public health action in high deprivation and pollution areas can reduce risks and inequalities. To achieve this, greater public health integration and collaboration in local air quality management policy and practice is needed.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2017
Journal Journal of Public Health (United Kingdom)
Print ISSN 1741-3842
Electronic ISSN 1741-3850
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 3
Pages 485-497
APA6 Citation Brunt, H., Barnes, J., Jones, S. J., Longhurst, J., Scally, G., & Hayes, E. T. (2017). Air pollution, deprivation and health: Understanding relationships to add value to local air quality management policy and practice in Wales, UK. Journal of Public Health, 39(3), 485-497. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw084
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw084
Keywords air pollution; respiration disorders; country of wales; mortality; public health medicine; pollution; health outcomes; quality; improvement
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw084
Additional Information Additional Information : This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record Brunt, H., Barnes, J., Jones, S., Longhurst, J., Scally, G. and Hayes, E. T. (2016) Air pollution, deprivation and health: Understanding relationships to add value to local air quality management policy and practice in Wales, UK. Journal of Public Health is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw084

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