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A pilot controlled trial of a cognitive dissonance-based body dissatisfaction intervention with young British men

Jankowski, Glen; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Atkinson, Melissa J.; Fawkner, Helen; Gough, Brendan; Halliwell, Emma

Authors

Glen Jankowski

Helen Fawkner

Brendan Gough



Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men's dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds = 0.46–0.80) at post-intervention. All except dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization were sustained at 3-month follow-up. No effects were found for bulimic pathology. Post-intervention effects for dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization only were retained under intention-to-treat analysis. Participants were favourable towards the intervention. This study provides preliminary evidence for the acceptability and post-intervention efficacy of Body Project M. Further development of the intervention is required to improve and sustain effects.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2017
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Pages 93-102
APA6 Citation Jankowski, G., Diedrichs, P. C., Atkinson, M. J., Fawkner, H., Gough, B., & Halliwell, E. (2017). A pilot controlled trial of a cognitive dissonance-based body dissatisfaction intervention with young British men. Body Image, 23, 93-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.006
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.006
Keywords men, body image, intervention, cognitive dissonance
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.006

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