Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface

Advanced Search

How is men's conformity to masculine norms related to their body image? Masculinity and muscularity across Western Countries

Frisén, Ann; Ricciardelli, Lina A.; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.; Franko, Debra L.; Frisen, Ann; Ricciardelli, Lina A; Gattario, Kristina Holmqvist; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Franko, Debra L; Yager, Zali; Smolak, Linda

Authors

Ann Frisén

Lina A. Ricciardelli

Phillippa C. Diedrichs

Debra L. Franko

Ann Frisen

Lina A Ricciardelli

Kristina Holmqvist Gattario

Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

Debra L Franko

Zali Yager

Linda Smolak



Abstract

© 2014 American Psychological Association. Previous research has suggested that men's conformity to masculine norms (CMN) is an important correlate of men's drive for muscularity. The present study aimed to further delineate the relationship between masculinity and men's body image by examining various dimensions of CMN in relation to various dimensions of men's body image (muscularity, leanness, and fitness) in a cross-national sample. Participants comprised young men from the United States (n = 192), the United Kingdom (n = 141), Australia (n = 160), and Sweden (n = 142). Multigroup path analyses showed that CMN was related to drive for muscularity, leanness, and fitness in all 4 countries, but there were differences across countries in which dimensions of CMN predicted men's body image. Whereas conformity to the masculine norm of winning was a salient predictor across the 4 countries, conformity to the norm of risk-taking was linked to Australian men's body image, and conformity to the norm of violence to British men's body image. The findings support previous research suggesting that men's endorsement of the male gender role plays a significant role in their desire for an ideal body, but the results uniquely document that this relationship may differ across countries.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Journal Psychology of Men and Masculinity
Print ISSN 1524-9220
Publisher American Psychological Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 3
Pages 337-347
APA6 Citation Franko, D. L., Diedrichs, P. C., Ricciardelli, L. A., Frisén, A., Gattario, K. H., Frisen, A., …Smolak, L. (2015). How is men's conformity to masculine norms related to their body image? Masculinity and muscularity across Western Countries. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 16(3), 337-347. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038494
DOI https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038494
Keywords masculinity, body image, muscularity, leanness, fitness, cross-national differences
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038494
Additional Information Additional Information : This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.

Files







You might also like



Downloadable Citations

;