This chapter discusses the protection afforded to women under the Geneva Conventions. It covers provisions for the protection of women, protection of specific categories of women, and protection of women detainees. Overall the Conventions provide special protection for pregnant women, maternity cases, and mothers of children aged under 7, and address the vulnerability of women to sexual violence in armed conflict. However, these provisions have been criticized for perpetuating stereotypical ideas of women as weak individuals whose ‘honour’ is defined by reference to male views on women, associating women with children, and failing to consider gender rather than sex as the distinguishing factor.
Quenivet, N. (2015). Special rules on women. In A. Clapham, P. Gaeta, & M. Sassoli (Eds.), The 1949 Geneva Conventions: A Commentary, 1271-1292. Oxford University Press