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The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Van Maris, A., Sumpter, L., Ruiz Garate, V., Kumar, P., Harper, C., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2021). The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance. In S. Bringsjord, M. Osman Tokhi, M. Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira, N. Sundar Govindarajulu, & M. F. Silva (Eds.), Life-world for Artificial and Natural Systems - ICRES 2021 Proceedings (21-23)

According to United Nations, by 2050 over 20% of the population will be over 65 years old. Ensuring that our ageing population stays independent and healthy for as long as possible requires higher numbers of health and social care professionals than... Read More about The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance.

Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Caleb-Solly, P., Harper, C., & Dogramadzi, S. (2021). Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme. In 2021 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Safety for Robotics (ISR) (259-263). https://doi.org/10.1109/isr50024.2021.9419508

In this paper we consider the regulations that currently exist in relation to supporting people in the home and in different care settings. Using existing standards and guidelines that relate to assistive technology and care in the UK, we consider wh... Read More about Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme.

Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Caleb-Solly, P., & Harper, C. (2021). Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems.

This paper presents current progress in the development of Environmental Survey Hazard Analysis (ESHA), a method of preliminary hazard identification aimed at autonomous system application problems. In addition to performing their design mission, aut... Read More about Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems.

Towards the safety of human-in-the-loop robotics: Challenges and opportunities for safety assurance of robotic co-workers' (2014)
Conference Proceeding
Eder, K., C. Harper, C., & Leonards, U. (2014). Towards the safety of human-in-the-loop robotics: Challenges and opportunities for safety assurance of robotic co-workers'. . https://doi.org/10.1109/ROMAN.2014.6926328

The success of the human-robot co-worker team in a flexible manufacturing environment where robots learn from demonstration heavily relies on the correct and safe operation of the robot. How this can be achieved is a challenge that requires addressin... Read More about Towards the safety of human-in-the-loop robotics: Challenges and opportunities for safety assurance of robotic co-workers'.

Online hazard analysis for autonomous robots (2011)
Conference Proceeding
Woodman, R., Winfield, A. F. T., Harper, C., & Fraser, M. (2011). Online hazard analysis for autonomous robots. In J. Penders, T. J. Prescott, M. Witkowski, C. Melhuish, L. Alboul, & R. GroƟ (Eds.), Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems (406-407)

Robotic systems require rigorous analysis at all stages of development to ensure system safety. The manufacturing industry has developed many of the robotic design methods used today. These methods were adapted from design practices taken from other... Read More about Online hazard analysis for autonomous robots.

Towards the development of international safety standards for human robot interaction (2010)
Journal Article
Harper, C., & Virk, G. (2010). Towards the development of international safety standards for human robot interaction. International Journal of Social Robotics, 2(3), 229-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12369-010-0051-1

This paper is an overview of the work being performed by the ISO committee TC184/SC2 "Robots and Robotic Devices". SC2 is developing safety standards for robotic applications in personal and medical care, as well as revising existing industrial robot... Read More about Towards the development of international safety standards for human robot interaction.

Towards the application of swarm intelligence in safety critical systems (2006)
Conference Proceeding
Harper, C., Winfield, A., & Nembrini, J. (2006). Towards the application of swarm intelligence in safety critical systems. In The 1st Institution of Engineering and Technology International Conference on System Safety : 6-8 June 2006, Savoy Place, London, UK (89-95)

Swarm Intelligence provides us with a powerful new paradigm for building fully distributed de-centralised systems in which overall system functionality emerges from the interaction of individual agents with each other and with their environment. Such... Read More about Towards the application of swarm intelligence in safety critical systems.

Designing intelligent control systems for safety critical applications (2006)
Conference Proceeding
Harper, C., & Winfield, A. (2006). Designing intelligent control systems for safety critical applications. In The 1st Institution of Engineering and Technology International Conference on System Safety : 6-8 June 2006, Savoy Place, London, UK (71-80). https://doi.org/10.1049/cp%3A20060205

This paper presents a design methodology for behaviour-based intelligent control systems, which we argue is suited to safety critical applications. The methodology has a formal basis, and uses dynamical systems theory to prove system safety propertie... Read More about Designing intelligent control systems for safety critical applications.

A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control (2006)
Journal Article
Harper, C. J., & Winfield, A. F. (2006). A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 54(1), 52-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.robot.2005.09.014

This paper presents a design methodology for a class of behaviour-based control systems, arguing its potential for application to safety critical systems. We propose a formal basis for subsumption architecture design based on two extensions to Lyapun... Read More about A methodology for provably stable behaviour-based intelligent control.

Direct Lyapunov design - A synthesis procedure for motor schema using a second-order Lyapunov stability theorem (2002)
Conference Proceeding
Harper, C., & Winfield, A. (2002). Direct Lyapunov design - A synthesis procedure for motor schema using a second-order Lyapunov stability theorem. In IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2085-2090). https://doi.org/10.1109/IRDS.2002.1041573

In this paper we propose a new procedure for construction of motor schema typically used in behaviour-based robotics. The procedure reverses the standard stability analysis approach by searching for a control function to fit a pre-defined Lyapunov f... Read More about Direct Lyapunov design - A synthesis procedure for motor schema using a second-order Lyapunov stability theorem.