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Fungal electronics

Adamatzky, Andrew; Ayres, Phil; Beasley, Alexander E.; Chiolerio, Alessandro; Dehshibi, Mohammad M.; Gandia, Antoni; Albergati, Elena; Mayne, Richard; Nikolaidou, Anna; Roberts, Nic; Tegelaar, Martin; Tsompanas, Michail Antisthenis; Phillips, Neil; Wösten, Han A.B.


Phil Ayres

Alexander E. Beasley

Alessandro Chiolerio

Mohammad M. Dehshibi

Antoni Gandia

Elena Albergati

Richard Mayne

Anna Nikolaidou
Senior Lecturer in Architecture and Design

Nic Roberts

Martin Tegelaar

Michail Antisthenis Tsompanas

Han A.B. Wösten


Fungal electronics is a family of living electronic devices made of mycelium bound composites or pure mycelium. Fungal electronic devices are capable of changing their impedance and generating spikes of electrical potential in response to external control parameters. Fungal electronics can be embedded into fungal materials and wearables or used as stand alone sensing and computing devices.


Adamatzky, A., Ayres, P., Beasley, A. E., Chiolerio, A., Dehshibi, M. M., Gandia, A., …Wösten, H. A. (2022). Fungal electronics. BioSystems, 212, Article 104588.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date Dec 3, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 31, 2021
Publication Date Feb 1, 2022
Deposit Date May 20, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 1, 2023
Journal BioSystems
Print ISSN 0303-2647
Electronic ISSN 1872-8324
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 212
Article Number 104588
Series ISSN 0303-2647
Keywords Fungi, Electronics, Sensing, Computing
Public URL