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Understanding interactions between autonomous vehicles and other road users: A literature review

Parkin, John; Clark, Ben; Clayton, William; Ricci, Miriam; Parkhurst, Graham


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John Parkin
Professor in Transport Engineering

Ben Clark
Senior Lecturer in Transport Planning and Engineering


This review draws on literature relating to the interactions of vehicles with other vehicles, interactions between vehicles and infrastructure, and interactions between autonomous vehicles and cyclists and autonomous vehicles and pedestrians. The available literature relating to autonomous vehicles interactions is currently limited and hence the review has considered issues which will be relevant to autonomous vehicles from reading and evaluating a broader but still relevant literature.

The project is concerned primarily with autonomous vehicles within the urban environment and hence the greatest consideration has been given to interactions on typical urban roads, with specific consideration also being given to shared space. The central questions in relation to autonomous vehicles and other road users revolve around gap acceptance, overtaking behaviour, behaviour at road narrowings, the ability to detect and avoid cyclists taking paths through a junction which conflict with the autonomous vehicle’s path, and the ability of autonomous vehicles to sense and respond to human gestures. A long list of potential research questions has been developed, many of which are not realistically answerable by the Venturer project. However, the important research questions which might potentially be answered by the current project are offered as the basis for the more detailed consideration of the conduct of the interaction trials


Parkin, J., Clark, B., Clayton, W., Ricci, M., & Parkhurst, G. (2016). Understanding interactions between autonomous vehicles and other road users: A literature review

Report Type Technical Report
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Keywords autonomous vehicles, interaction, road safety, conflict


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