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#fitspo or #loveyourself? The impact of fitspiration and self-compassion Instagram images on women’s body image, self-compassion, and mood

Slater, Amy; Varsani, Neesha; Diedrichs, Phillippa C

Authors

Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research

Neesha Varsani

Abstract

This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women’s body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N = 160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images. However, women who viewed self-compassion quotes showed greater body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and reduced negative mood compared to women who viewed neutral images. Further, viewing a combination of fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes led to positive outcomes compared to viewing only fitspiration images. Trait levels of thin-ideal internalisation moderated some effects. The findings suggest that self-compassion might offer a novel avenue for attenuating the negative impact of social media on women’s body satisfaction.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 30, 2017
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 22
Pages 87-96
Institution Citation Slater, A., Varsani, N., & Diedrichs, P. C. (2017). #fitspo or #loveyourself? The impact of fitspiration and self-compassion Instagram images on women’s body image, self-compassion, and mood. Body Image, 22, 87-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.004
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.004
Keywords social media, fitspiration, self-compassion, Instagram, body image, body appreciation
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.004

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