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The Role of Self-Objectification in the Mental Health of Early Adolescent Girls: Predictors and Consequences

Tiggemann, Marika; Slater, Amy


Marika Tiggemann

Amy Slater
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research


© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. All rights reserved. Objectives: The overall aim of the study was to investigate the applicability of Objectification Theory to the mental health of early adolescent girls, in particular, their dieting behaviors and depressive symptoms. Both predictors and consequences of self-objectification were examined. Methods: A sample of 204 girls with a mean age of 11.6 years completed questionnaire measures of media consumption, time spent on sports and hobbies, appearance conversations, self-objectification, body shame, dieting, and depressive symptoms. Results: Structural equation modeling showed that magazine and Internet exposure and appearance conversations with friends predicted self-objectification. Self-objectification itself predicted body shame, which in turn predicted both dieting and depressive symptoms, in accord with the pathways postulated by Objectification Theory. Conclusions: The results confirm that, as is the case with adult women, self-objectification plays a significant role in the mental health of early adolescent girls.


Tiggemann, M., & Slater, A. (2015). The Role of Self-Objectification in the Mental Health of Early Adolescent Girls: Predictors and Consequences. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 40(7), 704-711.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Deposit Date Feb 23, 2015
Journal Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Print ISSN 0146-8693
Electronic ISSN 1465-735X
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue 7
Pages 704-711
Keywords adolescent girls, self-objectification, depression, dieting, body shame, media, body image
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : Published online 25 March 2015. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Pediatric Psychology following peer review. The version of record Tiggemann, M. and Slater, A. (2015) The role of self-objectification in the mental health of early adolescent girls: Predictors and consequences. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. ISSN 0146-8693 is available online at:


Tiggemann & Slater in press J of Ped Psych.doc (330 Kb)

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