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Nostalgia as a psychological resource for people with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence of effectiveness from experimental studies

Ismail, Sanda U; Cheston, Richard; Christopher, Gary; Meyrick, Jane

Authors

Sanda Ismail Sanda.Ismail@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Public Health

Jane Meyrick Jane.Meyrick@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology



Abstract

Objective: This review systematically examines evidence relating to the effect of nostalgia on psychological well-being through a meta-analysis of measures of social connectedness, self-esteem, meaning in life, self-continuity, optimism and positive and negative affect.

Rationale: If nostalgia is to be used as a clinical intervention to boost well-being in dementia by reducing threat, then it is important to assess its therapeutic potential.

Results: Searches carried out in July 2014 and updated in February 2018 identified 47 eligible experimental studies comparing nostalgic reminiscence and non-nostalgic reminiscence to be included in the meta-analysis. Nostalgic reminiscence had moderate effects on positive affect (0.51 (0.37, 0.65), p= 0.001), social connectedness (0.72 (0.57, 0.87), p= 0.001), self-esteem (0.50 (0.30, 0.70), p= 0.001), meaning in life (0.77 (0.47, 1.08), p= 0.001) and optimism (0.38 (0.28, 0.47), p= 0.001) and a large effect on self-continuity (0.81 (0.55, 1.07), p= 0.001). There was, however, no difference between the effect of nostalgic reminiscence and non-nostalgic reminiscence for negative affect (−0.06 (−0.20, 0.09), p= 0.443).

Conclusion: This systematic review and meta-analysis provides an overview of the evidence base for nostalgia. This is an important stage in developing nostalgia as a clinical intervention for people with dementia which might be achieved, for instance, by adapting current reminiscence and life review techniques. This meta-analysis will therefore also serve as a valuable reference point for the continued exploration of nostalgia as an intervention.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2020
Journal Dementia
Print ISSN 1471-3012
Electronic ISSN 1741-2684
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 2
Pages 330-351
APA6 Citation Ismail, S. U., Cheston, R., Christopher, G., & Meyrick, J. (2020). Nostalgia as a psychological resource for people with dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence of effectiveness from experimental studies. Dementia, 19(2), 330-351. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301218774909
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301218774909
Keywords nostalgia, dementia, reminiscence, systematic review
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301218774909
Related Public URLs http://journals.sagepub.com/eprint/SvMF4DQEAiVINQpwakh3/full#articleCitationDownloadContainer
Additional Information Additional Information : © 2018. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications

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