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Dispositional mindfulness and its relationship with distress and functioning in adolescents with chronic pain and low-level pain

Waldron, Sam; Marks, Elizabeth; Loades, Maria; Gauntlett-Gilbert, Jeremy; Jacobs, Konrad


Sam Waldron

Elizabeth Marks

Maria Loades

Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert

Konrad Jacobs


© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. Objective Dispositional mindfulness is the general tendency to pay attention to present-moment awareness without judgment. The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine (a) whether dispositional mindfulness is associated with psychological distress in adolescents with chronic pain and low-level pain, and (b) whether it accounts for unique variance in distress after controlling for key variables from the pain literature. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and functioning. Method 54 adolescents seeking help for chronic pain and 94 “healthy” adolescents with recent low-level pain from the general population completed the same battery of measures, including the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure of dispositional mindfulness. Results As predicted, dispositional mindfulness was associated with mood and anxiety in both groups and also accounted for unique variance in mood and anxiety in standard regression models after controlling for group, age, pain-intensity, pain-catastrophizing, and pain-acceptance. Dispositional mindfulness did not differ significantly across the two groups and did not predict physical functioning. However, it did account for unique variance in social functioning. Conclusions Dispositional mindfulness may be an important construct to consider in the context of adolescents experiencing mood and anxiety problems in both low-level and chronic pain samples. Further research should aim to replicate these findings in larger clinical samples and explore the predictive power of dispositional mindfulness using longitudinal designs.


Waldron, S., Marks, E., Loades, M., Gauntlett-Gilbert, J., & Jacobs, K. (2018). Dispositional mindfulness and its relationship with distress and functioning in adolescents with chronic pain and low-level pain. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 43(9), 1038-1046.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 1, 2018
Online Publication Date May 24, 2018
Publication Date Jan 1, 2018
Journal Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Print ISSN 0146-8693
Electronic ISSN 1465-735X
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 9
Pages 1038-1046
Public URL


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