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Military Culture: Masculine Norms, Perceived Personal Control, Autonomous Motivation, and Coping Differences Between Injured Male Military Personnel and Civilian Sportsmen

Paskell, Rachel; Gauntlett-Gilbert, Jeremy; Wilkinson-Tough, Megan

Military Culture: Masculine Norms, Perceived Personal Control, Autonomous Motivation, and Coping Differences Between Injured Male Military Personnel and Civilian Sportsmen Thumbnail


Authors

Rachel Paskell

Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert

Megan Wilkinson-Tough



Abstract

© 2018, © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Engagement in rehabilitation is critical to enhanced outcomes from musculoskeletal injuries (MIs) and has been found to be related to some psychosocial factors. This study tested whether military culture, defined by greater adherence to masculine norms; higher levels of perceived personal control and autonomous motivation; lower levels of emotion-focused coping strategies; and a greater use of problem-focused coping strategies, resulted in better engagement in rehabilitation following MI. These hypothesized cultural differences were measured by administration of validated self-report questionnaires (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire; Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory; Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire; and the Brief COPE). A between-groups quasi-experimental design compared self-report variables and physiotherapist engagement ratings for 16 male military personnel and 22 committed sportsmen. All participants had sustained musculoskeletal injuries within the past 6 months, for which they were having physiotherapy. No evidence was found for the presence of a hypothesized military culture defined by greater adherence to masculine norms, higher levels of perceived personal control and autonomous motivation, and greater use of problem-focused coping strategies. Clinical and research implications are discussed with recommendations for future work to build upon this study.

Citation

Paskell, R., Gauntlett-Gilbert, J., & Wilkinson-Tough, M. (2019). Military Culture: Masculine Norms, Perceived Personal Control, Autonomous Motivation, and Coping Differences Between Injured Male Military Personnel and Civilian Sportsmen. Military Behavioral Health, 7(2), 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 8, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 29, 2018
Publication Date Apr 3, 2019
Deposit Date Dec 3, 2018
Journal Military Behavioral Health
Print ISSN 2163-5781
Electronic ISSN 2163-5803
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Issue 2
Pages 161-169
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130
Keywords military, culture, civilians, sports, psychosocial, musculoskeletal, response, injury, rehabilitation, physiotherapy
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/855616
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130
Additional Information Additional Information : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Military Behavioral Health on 29 December 2018, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130

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FINAL WITH TITLES Milit Behav Health submission accepted Aug 18.pdf (645 Kb)
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Publisher Licence URL
http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved

Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Military Behavioral Health. [Paskell, R., Gauntlett-Gilbert, J., & Wilkinson-Tough, M. (2019). Military Culture: Masculine Norms, Perceived Personal Control, Autonomous Motivation, and Coping Differences Between Injured Male Military Personnel and Civilian Sportsmen. Military Behavioral Health, 7(2), 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130]. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


FINAL WITH TITLES Milit Behav Health submission accepted Aug 18.docx (545 Kb)
Document

Licence
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Publisher Licence URL
http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved

Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Military Behavioral Health. [Paskell, R., Gauntlett-Gilbert, J., & Wilkinson-Tough, M. (2019). Military Culture: Masculine Norms, Perceived Personal Control, Autonomous Motivation, and Coping Differences Between Injured Male Military Personnel and Civilian Sportsmen. Military Behavioral Health, 7(2), 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/21635781.2018.1515130]. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.





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