Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Body appreciation in British men: Correlates and variation across sexual orientation

Alleva, Jessica M.; Paraskeva, Nicole; Craddock, Nadia; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.


Jessica M. Alleva

Nadia Craddock


© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Investigations of positive body image among men and across various social identities are lacking, and could contribute to a more complete understanding of the construct, including how positive body image can be improved. This study addressed this gap by investigating correlates of body appreciation – a key facet of positive body image – in men, and testing whether levels of body appreciation vary across sexual orientation. Data from a British community sample of 439 men (Mage = 39.13) showed that body appreciation inversely correlated with conformity to masculine norms and upward appearance-based social comparisons, and positively correlated with physical activity. Body appreciation was lower among sexual minority compared to heterosexual men, and athletic appearance-ideal internalisation and upward appearance-based social comparisons mediated this relationship. Replicating prior research among men, body appreciation positively correlated with body satisfaction, and inversely correlated with perceived appearance pressures from media and eating pathology. These findings have implications for interventions addressing body image among men.


Alleva, J. M., Paraskeva, N., Craddock, N., & Diedrichs, P. C. (2018). Body appreciation in British men: Correlates and variation across sexual orientation. Body Image, 27, 169-178.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 24, 2018
Online Publication Date Oct 4, 2018
Publication Date Dec 1, 2018
Deposit Date Oct 16, 2018
Publicly Available Date Apr 5, 2020
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Pages 169-178
Keywords positive body image, men, male body image, sexual orientation, social comparison, appearance-ideal internalisation, body image
Public URL
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here:


You might also like

Downloadable Citations