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First look: A mixed methods study exploring women's initial experiences of their appearance after mastectomy and/or breast reconstruction

Paraskeva, Nicole; Herring, Beth; Tollow, Pippa; Harcourt, Diana

First look: A mixed methods study exploring women's initial experiences of their appearance after mastectomy and/or breast reconstruction Thumbnail


Authors

Beth Herring

Diana Harcourt Diana2.Harcourt@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Appearance Research



Abstract

Objectives: Increasing numbers of women are undergoing appearance-altering surgery for the treatment and/or prevention of breast cancer. However, women’s experiences of seeing the results of their breast surgery for the first time, and the support available to them, are currently omitted from the research literature. This study aimed to explore women’s initial experiences of seeing their appearance after mastectomy and/or breast reconstruction.
Design: An online mixed methods survey explored participants’ feelings and expectations before seeing their breast surgery for the first time, their experiences of looking at the results of their surgery, and the support they received.
Methods: Women (n =128) who had undergone mastectomy and/or breast reconstruction following a diagnosis of invasive breast cancer, DCIS or increased risk of breast cancer took part. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis.
Results: Most respondents had worried about looking at their breast/breast area for the first time, with 75% concerned about what they would see. Women found the experience moderately distressing, and younger women were particularly concerned about other people’s reactions to their altered appearance. Approximately half of the women (51%) felt they received enough support, while 29% thought this aspect of care could be improved. Areas for improvement were suggested, including increased preparation, privacy and support.
Conclusion: Women’s experiences of looking at their breast/breast area and any donor site after surgery vary considerably. The results indicate important implications for provision of care and further research.

Citation

Paraskeva, N., Herring, B., Tollow, P., & Harcourt, D. (2019). First look: A mixed methods study exploring women's initial experiences of their appearance after mastectomy and/or breast reconstruction. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, 72(4), 539-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.012

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 14, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 14, 2019
Publication Date Apr 1, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 5, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 14, 2020
Journal Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
Print ISSN 1748-6815
Electronic ISSN 1878-0539
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 72
Issue 4
Pages 539-547
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.012
Keywords breast reconstruction, appearance, mastectomy, surgery, breast cancer, donor site, visible difference, body image
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/854018
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.012
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.01.012

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