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Sniffing out resistance – Rapid identification of urinary tract infection-causing bacteria and their antibiotic susceptibility using volatile metabolite profiles

Smart, Amy; de Lacy Costello, Ben; White, Paul; Avison, Matthew; Batty, Claire; Turner, Claire; Persad, Raj; Ratcliffe, Norman

Authors

Amy Smart amy.smart@uwe.ac.uk

Paul White Paul.White@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Applied Statistics

Matthew Avison

Claire Batty

Claire Turner

Raj Persad



Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Antibiotic resistance is set to be an unprecedented threat to modern medicine. ‘Sniffing’ bacteria potentially offers a rapid way to determine susceptibility. A successful proof-of-principle study is described, using thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD–GC–MS) to ‘smell’ cephalexin and ciprofloxacin resistant and sensitive Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)-causing bacteria. 578 peaks at unique retention times were detected from 86 chromatograms of 18 bacterial isolates (E. coli, K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa). The isolates were grown with and without the presence of antibiotic. Chi-square analysis found 9 compounds that differed significantly between cephalexin sensitive and resistant isolates, and 22 compounds that differed significantly between ciprofloxacin sensitive and resistant isolates, at p ≤ 0.05. When antibiotic was added to the media, more differences were found in the cephalexin group, attributed to lysis, but not in the ciprofloxacin group. Further work with large sample sizes will potentially enable the development of diagnostic algorithms using presence/absence of particular compounds of interest.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 15, 2019
Journal Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Print ISSN 0731-7085
Electronic ISSN 1873-264X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 167
Pages 59-65
APA6 Citation Smart, A., de Lacy Costello, B., White, P., Avison, M., Batty, C., Turner, C., …Ratcliffe, N. (2019). Sniffing out resistance – Rapid identification of urinary tract infection-causing bacteria and their antibiotic susceptibility using volatile metabolite profiles. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 167, 59-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2019.01.044
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2019.01.044
Keywords volatile, metabolite, profiles, smell, thermal desorption, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, antibiotic, resistance, urinary tract infection, susceptibility, cephalexin, ciprofloxacin
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2019.01.044

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