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Self sufficient wireless transmitter powered by foot-pumped urine operating wearable MFC

Taghavi, M.; Stinchcombe, A.; Greenman, J.; Mattoli, V.; Beccai, L.; Mazzolai, B.; Melhuish, C.; Ieropoulos, I. A.

Self sufficient wireless transmitter powered by foot-pumped urine operating wearable MFC Thumbnail


M. Taghavi

A. Stinchcombe

V. Mattoli

L. Beccai

B. Mazzolai

Chris Melhuish
Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems

Yannis Ieropoulos
Professor in Bioenergy & Director of B-B


© 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The first self-sufficient system, powered by a wearable energy generator based on microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology is introduced. MFCs made from compliant material were developed in the frame of a pair of socks, which was fed by urine via a manual gaiting pump. The simple and single loop cardiovascular fish circulatory system was used as the inspiration for the design of the manual pump. A wireless programmable communication module, engineered to operate within the range of the generated electricity, was employed, which opens a new avenue for research in the utilisation of waste products for powering portable as well as wearable electronics.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 20, 2015
Online Publication Date Dec 10, 2015
Publication Date Feb 1, 2016
Deposit Date Mar 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date Dec 10, 2016
Journal Bioinspiration and Biomimetics
Print ISSN 1748-3182
Electronic ISSN 1748-3190
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Article Number 016001
Keywords microbial fuel cell, wearable, urine, foot pump, wireless transmitter, B-BiC, BBIC
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the accepted version of an article published in Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, available online at
Contract Date Mar 9, 2016


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