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High-Performance, Totally Flexible, Tubular Microbial Fuel Cell

Ieropoulos, Ioannis Andrea; Taghavi, Majid; Greenman, John; Beccai, Lucia; Mattoli, Virgilio; Mazzolai, Barbara; Melhuish, Chris; Ieropoulos, Ioannis


Ioannis Andrea Ieropoulos

Majid Taghavi

Lucia Beccai

Virgilio Mattoli

Barbara Mazzolai

Chris Melhuish
Professor of Robotics & Autonomous Systems

Yannis Ieropoulos
Professor in Bioenergy & Director of B-B


© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. The current study addresses the development of a flexible microbial fuel cell (MFC) in a tubular configuration. Nafion tubing is employed as a one-compartment MFC and is used as the membrane and the main body of the system. We use an ultra-flexible carbon sleeve as electrode material for both the anode and cathode; the anode is placed inside the tubular membrane, and the cathode is wrapped on the outside of the membrane. We illustrate how, using both the membrane and the new electrodes, there is increase the power density of the system, which is shown to work successfully with human urine as the fuel. We also show how the covering of the outer surface, that is, the cathode, by means of a waterproof and breathable plaster strip, maintains the high output levels without the need for hydration.


Ieropoulos, I. A., Taghavi, M., Greenman, J., Beccai, L., Mattoli, V., Mazzolai, B., …Ieropoulos, I. (2014). High-Performance, Totally Flexible, Tubular Microbial Fuel Cell. ChemElectroChem, 1(11), 1994-1999.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2014
Deposit Date Sep 14, 2015
Journal ChemElectroChem
Electronic ISSN 2196-0216
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Issue 11
Pages 1994-1999
Keywords carbon, carbon sleeve electrode, flexible microbial fuel cell, tubular membrane, urine, MFC
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