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Effects of needs-based patient education on self-efficacy and health outcomes in people with rheumatoid arthritis: A multicentre, single blind, randomised controlled trial

Ndosi, M.; Johnson, D.; Young, T.; Hardware, B.; Hill, J.; Hale, C.; Maxwell, J.; Roussou, E.; Adebajo, A.

Authors

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Dr Mwidimi Ndosi Mwidimi.Ndosi@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Nursing Rheumatology

D. Johnson

T. Young

B. Hardware

J. Hill

C. Hale

J. Maxwell

E. Roussou

A. Adebajo



Abstract

Objectives The Educational Needs Assessment Tool (ENAT) is a self-completed questionnaire, which allows patients with arthritis to prioritise their educational needs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of needs-based patient education on self-efficacy, health outcomes and patient knowledge in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods Patients with RA were enrolled into this multicentre, single-blind, parallel-group, pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Patients were randomised to either the intervention group (IG) where patients completed ENAT, responses of which were used by the clinical nurse specialist to guide patient education; or control group (CG) in which they received patient education without the use of ENAT. Patients were seen at weeks 0, 16 and 32. The primary outcome was selfefficacy (Arthritis Self Efficacy Scale (ASES)-Pain and ASES-Other symptoms). Secondary outcomes were health status (short form of Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale 2, AIMS2-SF) and patient knowledge questionnaire-RA. We investigated between-group differences using analysis of covariance, adjusting for baseline variables. Results A total of 132 patients were recruited (IG=70 and CG=62). Their mean (SD) age was 54 (12.3) years, 56 (13.3) years and disease duration 5.2 (4.9) years, 6.7 (8.9) years for IG and CG, respectively. There were significant between-group differences, in favour of IG at week 32 in the primary outcomes, ASES-Pain, mean difference (95% CI) -4.36 (1.17 to 7.55), t=-2.72, p=0.008 and ASES-Other symptoms, mean difference (95% CI) -5.84 (2.07 to 9.62), t=-3.07, p=0.003. In secondary outcomes, the between-group differences favoured IG in AIMS2-SF Symptoms and AIMS2-SF Affect. There were no between-group differences in other secondary outcomes. Conclusions The results suggest that needs-based education helps improve patients' self-efficacy and some aspects of health status.

Citation

Ndosi, M., Johnson, D., Young, T., Hardware, B., Hill, J., Hale, C., …Adebajo, A. (2016). Effects of needs-based patient education on self-efficacy and health outcomes in people with rheumatoid arthritis: A multicentre, single blind, randomised controlled trial. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 75(6), 1126-1132. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-207171

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 9, 2015
Publication Date Jun 1, 2016
Journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Print ISSN 0003-4967
Electronic ISSN 1468-2060
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 75
Issue 6
Pages 1126-1132
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-207171
Keywords patient education, self-efficacy, rheumatoid arthritis, RCT
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/843685
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-207171
Related Public URLs http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4893097/
http://ard.bmj.com/content/75/6/1126.long

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