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A proposed new bacteriophage subfamily: “Jerseyvirinae”

Anany, Hany; Switt, Andrea I. Moreno; De Lappe, Niall; Ackermann, Hans-Wolfgang; Reynolds, Darren M.; Kropinski, Andrew M.; Wiedmann, Martin; Griffiths, Mansel W.; Tremblay, Denise; Moineau, Sylvain; Nash, John H. E.; Turner, Dann

A proposed new bacteriophage subfamily: “Jerseyvirinae” Thumbnail


Hany Anany

Andrea I. Moreno Switt

Niall De Lappe

Hans-Wolfgang Ackermann

Andrew M. Kropinski

Martin Wiedmann

Mansel W. Griffiths

Denise Tremblay

Sylvain Moineau

John H. E. Nash


© 2015, Springer-Verlag Wien. Based on morphology and comparative nucleotide and protein sequence analysis, a new subfamily of the family Siphoviridae is proposed, named “Jerseyvirinae” and consisting of three genera, “Jerseylikevirus”, “Sp3unalikevirus” and “K1glikevirus”. To date, this subfamily consists of 18 phages for which the genomes have been sequenced. Salmonella phages Jersey, vB_SenS_AG11, vB_SenS-Ent1, vB_SenS-Ent2, vB_SenS-Ent3, FSL SP-101, SETP3, SETP7, SETP13, SE2, SS3e and wksl3 form the proposed genus “Jerseylikevirus”. The proposed genus “K1glikevirus” consists of Escherichia phages K1G, K1H, K1ind1, K1ind2 and K1ind3. The proposed genus “Sp3unalikevirus” contains one member so far. Jersey-like phages appear to be widely distributed, as the above phages were isolated in the UK, Canada, the USA and South Korea between 1970 and the present day. The distinguishing features of this subfamily include a distinct siphovirus morphotype, genomes of 40.7-43.6kb (49.6-51.4mol% G+C), a syntenic genome organisation, and a high degree of nucleotide sequence identity and shared proteins. All known members of the proposed subfamily are strictly lytic.


Anany, H., Switt, A. I. M., De Lappe, N., Ackermann, H., Reynolds, D. M., Kropinski, A. M., …Turner, D. (2015). A proposed new bacteriophage subfamily: “Jerseyvirinae”. Archives of Virology, 160(4), 1021-1033.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 17, 2015
Online Publication Date Feb 8, 2015
Publication Date Apr 1, 2015
Deposit Date Feb 9, 2015
Publicly Available Date Dec 9, 2016
Journal Archives of Virology
Print ISSN 0304-8608
Publisher Springer (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 160
Issue 4
Pages 1021-1033
Keywords bacteriophages, genomics, phylogeny, major capsid protein, endolysin, homing endonuclease, tail fibre, lysis gene
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