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Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK, and Australia

Ricciardelli, Lina A.; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.; Fris�n, Ann; Franko, Debra L.; Franko, Debra L; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Rodgers, Rachel F.; Holmqvist Gattario, Kristina; Frisen, Ann; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Ricciardelli, Lina A; Yager, Zali; Smolak, Linda; Thompson-Brenner, Heather; Shingleton, Rebecca M.

Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK, and Australia Thumbnail


Authors

Lina A. Ricciardelli

Phillippa C. Diedrichs

Ann Fris�n

Debra L. Franko

Debra L Franko

Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

Rachel F. Rodgers

Kristina Holmqvist Gattario

Ann Frisen

Lina A Ricciardelli

Zali Yager

Linda Smolak

Heather Thompson-Brenner

Rebecca M. Shingleton



Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. We examined whether internalization of sociocultural body ideals mediated the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and drive for muscularity, leanness, and thinness in a sample of males from Sweden, US, UK, and Australia. Over six hundred young men [n= 142 (Sweden); n= 192 (US); n= 141 (UK); n= 160 (Australia)] completed an online survey that included assessments of masculine role norms, body image, and internalization of sociocultural body ideals. Path analyses confirmed internalization as a mediator between greater conformity to masculine norms and body image measures (drive for thinness, desire for leanness, and desire for muscularity) across the sample. However, significant cross-country differences in the strength of these mediation effects were found. Mediation effects among US, Australian, and Swedish males were comparable, whereas these effects were weaker in the UK sample. Findings confirmed the importance of internalization of sociocultural body ideals in the tested models.

Citation

Ricciardelli, L. A., Diedrichs, P. C., Frisén, A., Franko, D. L., Franko, D. L., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., …Shingleton, R. M. (2015). Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK, and Australia. Body Image, 15, 54-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 10, 2015
Publication Date Sep 1, 2015
Deposit Date May 26, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 7, 2016
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Pages 54-60
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002
Keywords body image, masculinity, men, masculine norms
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/829045
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002

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