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Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK, and Australia

Frisén, Ann; Franko, Debra L.; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.; Ricciardelli, Lina A.; Franko, Debra L; Frisen, Ann; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Rodgers, Rachel F.; Ricciardelli, Lina A; Holmqvist Gattario, Kristina; Yager, Zali; Smolak, Linda; Thompson-Brenner, Heather; Shingleton, Rebecca M.

Authors

Ann Frisén

Debra L. Franko

Phillippa C. Diedrichs

Lina A. Ricciardelli

Debra L Franko

Ann Frisen

Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz

Rachel F. Rodgers

Lina A Ricciardelli

Kristina Holmqvist Gattario

Zali Yager

Linda Smolak

Heather Thompson-Brenner

Rebecca M. Shingleton



Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. We examined whether internalization of sociocultural body ideals mediated the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and drive for muscularity, leanness, and thinness in a sample of males from Sweden, US, UK, and Australia. Over six hundred young men [n= 142 (Sweden); n= 192 (US); n= 141 (UK); n= 160 (Australia)] completed an online survey that included assessments of masculine role norms, body image, and internalization of sociocultural body ideals. Path analyses confirmed internalization as a mediator between greater conformity to masculine norms and body image measures (drive for thinness, desire for leanness, and desire for muscularity) across the sample. However, significant cross-country differences in the strength of these mediation effects were found. Mediation effects among US, Australian, and Swedish males were comparable, whereas these effects were weaker in the UK sample. Findings confirmed the importance of internalization of sociocultural body ideals in the tested models.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2015
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Pages 54-60
APA6 Citation Ricciardelli, L. A., Diedrichs, P. C., Frisén, A., Franko, D. L., Franko, D. L., Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, M., …Shingleton, R. M. (2015). Internalization as a mediator of the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and body image attitudes and behaviors among young men in Sweden, US, UK, and Australia. Body Image, 15, 54-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002
Keywords body image, masculinity, men, masculine norms
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.05.002

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