Siân A. McLean
Clinically significant body dissatisfaction: Prevalence and association with depressive symptoms in adolescent boys and girls
McLean, Siân A.; Rodgers, Rachel F.; Slater, Amy; Jarman, Hannah K.; Gordon, Chloe S.; Paxton, Susan J.
Rachel F. Rodgers
Amy Slater Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Centre for Appearance Research
Hannah K. Jarman
Chloe S. Gordon
Susan J. Paxton
Body dissatisfaction is distressing and a risk factor for adverse consequences including eating disorders. However, data pertaining to the prevalence of body dissatisfaction in adolescence, a key period for its emergence, are lacking. This is a substantial barrier to tailored assessment and early intervention. This study addresses this gap and provides the prevalence of body dissatisfaction and associations with depressive symptoms and body change strategies. Adolescent boys (n = 367; Mage = 12.8, SD = 0.7) and girls (n = 368; Mage = 12.7, SD = 0.7) completed measures of body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms with established cut-off levels. They also completed measures of dietary restraint and strategies to increase muscle size. Of boys and girls, 37.9% and 20.7%, respectively experienced moderate, and 6.8% and 19.6% experienced clinically significant body dissatisfaction, with higher rates among girls than boys and among adolescents aged 13 and 14 than aged 12. More than one-quarter of boys (26.70%) and one-third of girls (33.15%) reported subthreshold depressive symptoms or possible, probable or major depressive episodes. Girls revealed a higher prevalence of possible-, probable-, or major depressive episode than boys. Relative to those with no or low body dissatisfaction, adolescents with clinically significant body dissatisfaction were 24 times more likely to also report possible-, probable-, or major depressive episodes. Among boys and girls, clinically significant body dissatisfaction was associated with higher levels of dietary restraint and engagement in strategies to increase muscle size. Greater attention to identification and early intervention for body dissatisfaction is needed, especially for girls.
McLean, S. A., Rodgers, R. F., Slater, A., Jarman, H. K., Gordon, C. S., & Paxton, S. J. (in press). Clinically significant body dissatisfaction: Prevalence and association with depressive symptoms in adolescent boys and girls. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-021-01824-4
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jun 8, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Jun 15, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Jun 17, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Jun 16, 2022|
|Journal||European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry|
|Publisher||Springer (part of Springer Nature)|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Body dissatisfaction · Clinically significant · Depressive symptoms · prevalence · Adolescent · Boys · Girls|
This file is under embargo until Jun 16, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact Amy.Slater@uwe.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.