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Men’s experiences of help-seeking for female-perpetrated intimate partner violence: A qualitative exploration (2021)
Journal Article
Ward, T., Hogan, K., & Clarke, V. (in press). Men’s experiences of help-seeking for female-perpetrated intimate partner violence: A qualitative exploration. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research,

The subject of female-perpetuated intimate partner violence (IPV) against men has been one of controversy, with well-rehearsed arguments surrounding both the nature and existence of female-perpetrated abuse against men. The aims of this study were to... Read More about Men’s experiences of help-seeking for female-perpetrated intimate partner violence: A qualitative exploration.

“I was just fed up of not being myself”: Coming out experiences of white British divorced and separated gay fathers (2021)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Earley, E. (2021). “I was just fed up of not being myself”: Coming out experiences of white British divorced and separated gay fathers. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 17(3), 251-272. https://doi.org/10.1080/1550428X.2021.1902448

Before the so-called “gayby boom” in the 1990s the most common pathway to parenthood for gay men was heterosexual marriage. Since the 1990s most research on gay parenting has focused on intentional gay fathers–those parenting after coming out as gay–... Read More about “I was just fed up of not being myself”: Coming out experiences of white British divorced and separated gay fathers.

Conceptual and design thinking for thematic analysis (2021)
Journal Article
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (in press). Conceptual and design thinking for thematic analysis. Qualitative Psychology,

Thematic analysis (TA) is widely used in qualitative psychology. In using TA, researchers must choose between a diverse range of approaches that can differ considerably in their underlying (but often implicit) conceptualizations of qualitative resear... Read More about Conceptual and design thinking for thematic analysis.

Exploring therapists' and psychology students' constructions of sexual refusal in heterosexual relationships: A qualitative story completion study (2021)
Journal Article
Shah-Beckley, I., & Clarke, V. (in press). Exploring therapists' and psychology students' constructions of sexual refusal in heterosexual relationships: A qualitative story completion study. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12388

Anxieties about sex and sexual problems are widespread and are often brought to counselling and psychotherapy. Research has found that even practitioners without specialist training often work with sexual difficulties because of the prevalence of suc... Read More about Exploring therapists' and psychology students' constructions of sexual refusal in heterosexual relationships: A qualitative story completion study.

Staying strong: Exploring experiences of managing emotional distress for African Caribbean women living in the UK (2021)
Journal Article
Graham, R., & Clarke, V. (2021). Staying strong: Exploring experiences of managing emotional distress for African Caribbean women living in the UK. Feminism and Psychology, 31(1), 140-159. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959353520964672

The ‘strong Black woman’ (SBW) is a Western cultural stereotype that depicts African heritage women as strong, self-reliant, independent, yet nurturing and self-sacrificing. US research indicates that this stereotype negatively impacts the emotional... Read More about Staying strong: Exploring experiences of managing emotional distress for African Caribbean women living in the UK.

‘Rarely discussed but always present’: Exploring therapists’ accounts of the relationship between social class, mental health and therapy (2021)
Journal Article
McEvoy, C., Clarke, V., & Thomas, Z. (in press). ‘Rarely discussed but always present’: Exploring therapists’ accounts of the relationship between social class, mental health and therapy. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12382

With a few exceptions, the subject of social class has rarely been addressed in counselling and psychotherapy research. This study seeks to contribute to redressing this omission by exploring therapists’ accounts of how social class operates within t... Read More about ‘Rarely discussed but always present’: Exploring therapists’ accounts of the relationship between social class, mental health and therapy.

Can I use TA? Should I use TA? Should I not use TA? Comparing reflexive thematic analysis and other pattern‐based qualitative analytic approaches (2020)
Journal Article
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2021). Can I use TA? Should I use TA? Should I not use TA? Comparing reflexive thematic analysis and other pattern‐based qualitative analytic approaches. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 21(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12360

Thematic analysis methods, including the reflexive approach we have developed, are widely used in counselling and psychotherapy research, as are other approaches that seek to develop ‘patterns’ (themes, categories) across cases. Without a thorough gr... Read More about Can I use TA? Should I use TA? Should I not use TA? Comparing reflexive thematic analysis and other pattern‐based qualitative analytic approaches.

Qualitative story completion for counseling psychology research: A creative method to interrogate dominant discourses (2020)
Journal Article
Moller, N., Clarke, V., Braun, V., Tischner, I., & Vossler, A. (in press). Qualitative story completion for counseling psychology research: A creative method to interrogate dominant discourses. Journal of Counseling Psychology,

Qualitative story completion (SC) research involves the novel qualitative application of a technique previously used in quantitative research and clinical assessment, in which participants write stories in response to a story “stem” designed by the r... Read More about Qualitative story completion for counseling psychology research: A creative method to interrogate dominant discourses.

The ebbs and flows of qualitative research: Time, change and the slow wheel of interpretation (2020)
Book Chapter
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (in press). The ebbs and flows of qualitative research: Time, change and the slow wheel of interpretation. In Temporality in qualitative inquiry: Theories, methods, and practices. London: Routledge

The qualitative researcher has been described as ‘the instrument for analysis.’ What we bring to the analytic process – our positionalities, skills, tenets, knowledge, and much more – is valued within qualitative paradigms. But what we bring is also... Read More about The ebbs and flows of qualitative research: Time, change and the slow wheel of interpretation.

The online survey as a qualitative research tool (2020)
Journal Article
Braun, V., Clarke, V., Boulton, E., Davey, L., & McEvoy, C. (in press). The online survey as a qualitative research tool. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2020.1805550

Fully qualitative surveys, which prioritise qualitative research values, and harness the rich potential of qualitative data, have much to offer qualitative researchers, especially given online delivery options. Yet the method remains underutilised, a... Read More about The online survey as a qualitative research tool.

One size fits all? What counts as quality practice in (reflexive) thematic analysis? (2020)
Journal Article
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (in press). One size fits all? What counts as quality practice in (reflexive) thematic analysis?. Qualitative Research in Psychology, https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2020.1769238

Developing a universal quality standard for thematic analysis (TA) is complicated by the existence of numerous iterations of TA that differ paradigmatically, philosophically and procedurally. This plurality in TA is often not recognised by editors, r... Read More about One size fits all? What counts as quality practice in (reflexive) thematic analysis?.

Pandemic tales: Using story completion to explore sense-making around COVID-19 lockdown restrictions (2020)
Book Chapter
Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Moller, N. (in press). Pandemic tales: Using story completion to explore sense-making around COVID-19 lockdown restrictions. In Researching in the Age of COVID-19 Volume III: Creativity and Ethics. Bristol: Policy Press

Let’s start our tale about researching in a pandemic with the beginning of a story: Sam has been keeping in touch with friends online during the COVID-19 Lockdown, and learned that some of them are going to meet up in the big local park, just after... Read More about Pandemic tales: Using story completion to explore sense-making around COVID-19 lockdown restrictions.

Thematic Analysis (2020)
Book Chapter
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (in press). Thematic Analysis. In Analysing qualitative data in psychology. (Third). London: Sage

This chapter provides an introduction to thematic analysis (TA) as a method for developing and interpreting patterns in qualitative data. We distinguish between different ‘schools’ of TA, focusing on: (1) approaches with a foothold in quantitative re... Read More about Thematic Analysis.

To saturate or not to saturate? Questioning data saturation as a useful concept for thematic analysis and sample-size rationales (2019)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2021). To saturate or not to saturate? Questioning data saturation as a useful concept for thematic analysis and sample-size rationales. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 13(2), 201-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2019.1704846

The concept of data saturation, defined as ‘information redundancy’ or the point at which no new themes or codes ‘emerge’ from data, is widely referenced in thematic analysis (TA) research in sport and exercise, and beyond. Several researchers have s... Read More about To saturate or not to saturate? Questioning data saturation as a useful concept for thematic analysis and sample-size rationales.

Being both narrative practitioner and academic researcher: A reflection on what thematic analysis has to offer narratively informed research (2019)
Journal Article
Lainson, K., Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2019). Being both narrative practitioner and academic researcher: A reflection on what thematic analysis has to offer narratively informed research. International Journal of Narrative Therapy and Community Work, 2019(4),

What opportunities are there for narrative practitioners to engage in academic research whilst retaining an alignment with poststructuralist ideas, feminist commitments and narrative practice principles? This paper considers Virginia Braun and Victor... Read More about Being both narrative practitioner and academic researcher: A reflection on what thematic analysis has to offer narratively informed research.

Counselling formerly heterosexually partnered gay fathers raised with religion (2019)
Journal Article
Earley, E., Clarke, V., & Moller, N. (2020). Counselling formerly heterosexually partnered gay fathers raised with religion. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 48(6), 768-779. https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2019.1679351

© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Formerly heterosexually partnered gay fathers raised with religion are an under-researched group of LGBTQ parents. This group have potentially complex coming out journeys, which... Read More about Counselling formerly heterosexually partnered gay fathers raised with religion.

A critical review of the interdisciplinary literature on voluntary childlessness (2019)
Book Chapter
Clarke, V., Hayfield, N., Moller, N., & Braun, V. (in press). A critical review of the interdisciplinary literature on voluntary childlessness. In The truth about (m)otherhood: Choosing to be childfree

This chapter provides a critical review of the inter-disciplinary research on voluntary childlessness, examining some of the problematic assumptions that underpin the literature and the image of the childfree woman that emerges as a result. It is not... Read More about A critical review of the interdisciplinary literature on voluntary childlessness.

Feminist qualitative methods and methodologies in psychology: A review and reflection (2019)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2019). Feminist qualitative methods and methodologies in psychology: A review and reflection. Psychology of Women Section Review,

How does the current state of the field of feminist qualitative psychological research reflect and enact the methodological characteristics and values of feminist research – principally, the values of reflexivity, methodological diversity and innovat... Read More about Feminist qualitative methods and methodologies in psychology: A review and reflection.

“Never Say Never?”: Heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women’s accounts of being childfree (2019)
Journal Article
Hayfield, N., Terry, G., Clarke, V., & Ellis, S. (2019). “Never Say Never?”: Heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women’s accounts of being childfree. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 43(4), 526-538. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684319863414

Feminist scholars have identified a “motherhood imperative” in Western cultures, where heterosexual women are understood to both want, and have, children. However, social shifts have resulted in a decrease in pronatalism as well as an increase in soc... Read More about “Never Say Never?”: Heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women’s accounts of being childfree.