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Current provision of General Practitioner services in or alongside Emergency Departments in England (2021)
Journal Article
Brant, H., Voss, S., Morton, K., Cooper, A., Edwards, M., Price, D., …Benger, J. (in press). Current provision of General Practitioner services in or alongside Emergency Departments in England. Emergency Medicine Journal, https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2020-210539

Background In 2017 GPED, an approach that employs General Practitioners (GPs) in or alongside the Emergency Department (ED) to address increasing ED demand, was advocated by the National Health Service (NHS) in England and supported by capital fundi... Read More about Current provision of General Practitioner services in or alongside Emergency Departments in England.

Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life (2021)
Journal Article
Goodwin, L., Proctor, A., Kirby, K., Black, S., Pocock, L., Richardson, S., …Benger, J. (in press). Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life. Progress in Palliative Care, https://doi.org/10.1080/09699260.2021.1872140

Background: Early advance care planning has clear benefits for patients approaching the end of their life, yet many of those attended by UK paramedics do not have this planning in place. Aims: To explore staff stakeholder views on the role of UK p... Read More about Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life.

Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months (2020)
Journal Article
Benger, J. R., Lazaroo, M. J., Clout, M., Voss, S., Black, S., Brett, S. J., …Rogers, C. A. (2020). Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months. Resuscitation, 157, 74-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.09.026

© 2020 The Author(s) Aim: The AIRWAYS-2 cluster randomised controlled trial compared the i-gel supraglottic airway device (SGA) with tracheal intubation (TI) as the first advanced airway management (AAM) strategy used by Emergency Medical Service cli... Read More about Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months.

PP20  Paramedic identification and referral of patients in the last year of life: a stakeholder interview study (2020)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Black, S., Goodwin, L., Pocock, L., Proctor, A., Richardson, S., …Benger, J. (2020). PP20  Paramedic identification and referral of patients in the last year of life: a stakeholder interview study. Emergency Medicine Journal, 37(10), e10.1-e10. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2020-999abs.20

Background Patients are approaching End of Life when they are likely to die within the next 12 months. Quality in End of Life Care is variable and identifying patients in the End of Life phase is challenging, particularly in those people with diagnos... Read More about PP20  Paramedic identification and referral of patients in the last year of life: a stakeholder interview study.

Airway management during in-hospital cardiac arrest in adults: UK national survey and interview study with anaesthetic and intensive care trainees (2020)
Journal Article
Goodwin, L., Samuel, K., Schofield, B., Voss, S., Brett, S. J., Couper, K., …Research and Audit Federation of Trainees (RAFT) network, . (in press). Airway management during in-hospital cardiac arrest in adults: UK national survey and interview study with anaesthetic and intensive care trainees. Journal of the Intensive Care Society, https://doi.org/10.1177/1751143720949458

Background: The optimal airway management strategy for in-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. Methods: An online survey and telephone interviews with anaesthetic and intensive care trainee doctors identified by the United Kingdom Research and Audit F... Read More about Airway management during in-hospital cardiac arrest in adults: UK national survey and interview study with anaesthetic and intensive care trainees.

Exploring how paramedics are deployed in general practice and the perceived benefits and drawbacks: a mixed-methods scoping study (2020)
Journal Article
Schofield, B., Voss, S., Proctor, A., Benger, J., Coates, D., Kirby, K., …Booker, M. (2020). Exploring how paramedics are deployed in general practice and the perceived benefits and drawbacks: a mixed-methods scoping study. BJGP Open, 4(2), bjgpopen20X101037. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgpopen20x101037

Background: General practice in the UK faces continuing challenges to balance a workforce shortage against rising demand. The NHS England GP Forward View proposes development of the multidisciplinary, integrated primary care workforce to support fron... Read More about Exploring how paramedics are deployed in general practice and the perceived benefits and drawbacks: a mixed-methods scoping study.

The experiences of EMS providers taking part in a large randomised trial of airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest, and the impact on their views and practice. Results of a survey and telephone interviews (2020)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Brandling, J., Robinson, M., Thomas, M., Voss, S., & Benger, J. (2020). The experiences of EMS providers taking part in a large randomised trial of airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest, and the impact on their views and practice. Results of a survey and telephone interviews. Resuscitation, 149, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.01.034

© 2020 Aims: To explore EMS experiences of participating in a large trial of airway management during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2), specifically to explore: 1. Any changes in views and practice as a result of trial participation. 2. Exp... Read More about The experiences of EMS providers taking part in a large randomised trial of airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest, and the impact on their views and practice. Results of a survey and telephone interviews.

A qualitative study on conveyance decision-making during emergency call outs to people with dementia: The HOMEWARD project (2020)
Journal Article
Voss, S., Brandling, J., Pollard, K., Taylor, H., Black, S., Buswell, M., …Benger, J. (2020). A qualitative study on conveyance decision-making during emergency call outs to people with dementia: The HOMEWARD project. BMC Emergency Medicine, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-020-0306-6

Background Paramedics are increasingly required to make complex decisions as to whether they should convey a patient to hospital or manage their condition at the scene. Dementia can be a significant barrier to the assessment process. However, to our... Read More about A qualitative study on conveyance decision-making during emergency call outs to people with dementia: The HOMEWARD project.

Taxonomy of the form and function of primary care services in or alongside emergency departments: Concepts paper (2019)
Journal Article
Cooper, A., Edwards, M., Brandling, J., Carson-Stevens, A., Cooke, M., Davies, F., …Edwards, A. (2019). Taxonomy of the form and function of primary care services in or alongside emergency departments: Concepts paper. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36(10), 625-630. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-208305

Primary care services in or alongside emergency departments look and function differently and are described using inconsistent terminology. Research to determine effectiveness of these models is hampered by outdated classification systems, limiting t... Read More about Taxonomy of the form and function of primary care services in or alongside emergency departments: Concepts paper.

Design and implementation of a large and complex trial in emergency medical services (2019)
Journal Article
Robinson, M. J., Taylor, J., Brett, S. J., Nolan, J. P., Thomas, M., Reeves, B. C., …Benger, J. R. (2019). Design and implementation of a large and complex trial in emergency medical services. Trials, 20, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3203-0

Background: The research study titled “Cluster randomised trial of the clinical and cost effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation in the initial airway management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2)”... Read More about Design and implementation of a large and complex trial in emergency medical services.

Cluster randomised comparison of the effectiveness of 100% oxygen versus titrated oxygen in patients with a sustained return of spontaneous circulation following out of hospital cardiac arrest: A feasibility study. PROXY: Post ROSC OXYgenation study (2019)
Journal Article
Thomas, M., Voss, S., Benger, J., Kirby, K., & Nolan, J. P. (2019). Cluster randomised comparison of the effectiveness of 100% oxygen versus titrated oxygen in patients with a sustained return of spontaneous circulation following out of hospital cardiac arrest: A feasibility study. PROXY: Post ROSC OXYgenation study. BMC Emergency Medicine, 19, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-018-0214-1

Background: Hyperoxia following out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with a poor outcome. Animal data suggest the first hour post resuscitation may be the most important. In the UK the first hour usually occurs in the prehospital envir... Read More about Cluster randomised comparison of the effectiveness of 100% oxygen versus titrated oxygen in patients with a sustained return of spontaneous circulation following out of hospital cardiac arrest: A feasibility study. PROXY: Post ROSC OXYgenation study.

General practitioners and emergency departments (GPED) - Efficient models of care: A mixed-methods study protocol (2018)
Journal Article
Morton, K., Brandling, J., Benger, J., Gibson, A., & Voss, S. (2018). General practitioners and emergency departments (GPED) - Efficient models of care: A mixed-methods study protocol. BMJ Open, 8(10), e024012. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024012

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. Introduction Pressure continues to grow on emergency departments in the UK and throughout the world, with declining performance and adverse effects on patient ou... Read More about General practitioners and emergency departments (GPED) - Efficient models of care: A mixed-methods study protocol.

Adult intraosseous access: A comparison of devices (2018)
Journal Article
Dixon, M., & Voss, S. (2018). Adult intraosseous access: A comparison of devices. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 10(9), 376-382. https://doi.org/10.12968/jpar.2018.10.9.376

Background: Evidence to support device choice in intraosseous access is lacking in UK paramedic practice. Being unable to access the sternum with devices may result in under-treatment because of the inability to gain timely vascular access. This repr... Read More about Adult intraosseous access: A comparison of devices.

Effect of a strategy of a supraglottic airway device vs tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on functional outcome the AIRWAYS-2 randomized clinical trial (2018)
Journal Article
Benger, J. R., Kirby, K., Black, S., Brett, S. J., Clout, M., Lazaroo, M. J., …Rogers, C. A. (2018). Effect of a strategy of a supraglottic airway device vs tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on functional outcome the AIRWAYS-2 randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 320(8), 779-791. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.11597

© 2018 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. IMPORTANCE The optimal approach to airway management during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a supraglottic airway device (SGA) is superior to tracheal... Read More about Effect of a strategy of a supraglottic airway device vs tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on functional outcome the AIRWAYS-2 randomized clinical trial.

How do people with dementia use the ambulance service? A retrospective study in England: The HOMEWARD project (2018)
Journal Article
Voss, S., Brandling, J., Taylor, H., Black, S., Buswell, M., Cheston, R., …Benger, J. R. (2018). How do people with dementia use the ambulance service? A retrospective study in England: The HOMEWARD project. BMJ Open, 8(7), e022549. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022549

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2018. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. Objectives An increasing number of older people are calling ambulances and presenting to accident and emergency departments. The presence of comorbidities and de... Read More about How do people with dementia use the ambulance service? A retrospective study in England: The HOMEWARD project.

Paramedic views regarding clinical research in out of hospital cardiac arrest (2018)
Journal Article
Rhys, M., Voss, S., Davies, S. E., Coates, D., & Benger, J. (2018). Paramedic views regarding clinical research in out of hospital cardiac arrest. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 10(5), 211-215. https://doi.org/10.12968/jpar.2018.10.5.211

Background: The success of pre-hospital research relies on positive engagement from paramedics. Without adequate participation and protocol compliance trials will not succeed. Aims: To seek feedback from paramedics about trial participation and d... Read More about Paramedic views regarding clinical research in out of hospital cardiac arrest.

Carer and clinician perceptions of the use of emergency medical services by people with dementia: A qualitative study (2018)
Journal Article
Voss, S., Brandling, J., Black, S., Cheston, R., Cullum, S., Iliffe, S., …Benger, J. (2018). Carer and clinician perceptions of the use of emergency medical services by people with dementia: A qualitative study. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 20, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423618000191

A growing number of older people are accessing emergency medical services (EMS), and many calls to EMS are made by, or on behalf of, people with dementia. Their needs are frequently complex, however EMS staff are often given minimal guidance on ensu... Read More about Carer and clinician perceptions of the use of emergency medical services by people with dementia: A qualitative study.

Emergency medical service provider decision-making in out of hospital cardiac arrest: An exploratory study (2017)
Journal Article
Benger, J., Kirby, K., Brandling, J., Black, S., & Voss, S. (2017). Emergency medical service provider decision-making in out of hospital cardiac arrest: An exploratory study. BMC Emergency Medicine, 17(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-017-0136-3

© 2017 The Author(s). Background: There are approximately 60,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in the United Kingdom (UK) each year. Within the UK there are well-established clinical practice guidelines that define when resuscitation should... Read More about Emergency medical service provider decision-making in out of hospital cardiac arrest: An exploratory study.

Home or hospital for people with dementia and one or more other multimorbidities: What is the potential to reduce avoidable emergency admissions? the HOMEWARD Project Protocol (2017)
Journal Article
Benger, J., Voss, S., Black, S., Brandling, J., Buswell, M., Cheston, R., …Taylor, H. (2017). Home or hospital for people with dementia and one or more other multimorbidities: What is the potential to reduce avoidable emergency admissions? the HOMEWARD Project Protocol. BMJ Open, 7(4), e016651. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016651

© 2017 Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. IntroductionOlder people with multimorbidities frequently access 999 ambulance services. When multimorbidities include dementia, the risk of ambulance use, accident and emergency (A&E) attendance... Read More about Home or hospital for people with dementia and one or more other multimorbidities: What is the potential to reduce avoidable emergency admissions? the HOMEWARD Project Protocol.