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Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder (2020)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2020). Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder. Applied Energy, 262, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114475

The chemical energy contained in urine can be efficiently extracted into direct electricity by Microbial Fuel Cell stacks to reach usable power levels for practical implementation and a decentralised power source in remote locations. Herein, a novel... Read More about Microbial fuel cell stack performance enhancement through carbon veil anode modification with activated carbon powder.

Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations (2020)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Obata, O., Jose Salar-Garcia, M., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. A. (in press). Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations. Bioelectrochemistry, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2020.107459

In order to improve the potential of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) as an applicable technology, the main challenge is to engineer practical systems for bioenergy production at larger scales and to test how the prototypes withstand the challenges occurr... Read More about Long-term bio-power of ceramic microbial fuel cells in individual and stacked configurations.

Development of efficient electroactive biofilm in urine-fed microbial fuel cell cascades for bioelectricity generation (2020)
Journal Article
Obata, O., Salar-Garcia, M. J., Greenman, J., Kurt, H., Chandran, K., & Ieropoulos, I. (2020). Development of efficient electroactive biofilm in urine-fed microbial fuel cell cascades for bioelectricity generation. Journal of Environmental Management, 258, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109992

The Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology harnesses the potential of some naturally occurring bacteria for electricity generation. Digested sludge is commonly used as the inoculum to initiate the process. There are, however, health hazards and practic... Read More about Development of efficient electroactive biofilm in urine-fed microbial fuel cell cascades for bioelectricity generation.

Microbial fuel cells directly powering a microcomputer (2019)
Journal Article
Walter, X. A., Walter, A., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2020). Microbial fuel cells directly powering a microcomputer. Journal of Power Sources, 446, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227328

© 2019 The Authors Many studies have demonstrated that microbial fuel cells (MFC) can be energy-positive systems and power various low power applications. However, to be employed as a low-level power source, MFC systems rely on energy management circ... Read More about Microbial fuel cells directly powering a microcomputer.

A comprehensive study of custom-made ceramic separators for microbial fuel cells: Towards "living" bricks (2019)
Journal Article
You, J., Wallis, L., Radisavljevic, N., Pasternak, G., Sglavo, V. M., Hanczyc, M. M., …Ieropoulos, I. (2019). A comprehensive study of custom-made ceramic separators for microbial fuel cells: Towards "living" bricks. Energies, 12(21), https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214071

Towards the commercialisation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology, well-performing, cost-effective, and sustainable separators are being developed. Ceramic is one of the promising materials for this purpose. In this study, ceramic separators made... Read More about A comprehensive study of custom-made ceramic separators for microbial fuel cells: Towards "living" bricks.

Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting (2019)
Journal Article
Cristiani, P., Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Pizza, F., Bonelli, P., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting. Frontiers in Energy Research, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2019.00119

© Copyright © 2019 Cristiani, Gajda, Greenman, Pizza, Bonelli and Ieropoulos. In the present work different prototypes of floating MFCs have been tested in anoxic water environments of wastewater plants in Italy, over a period of 3 years. Several con... Read More about Long Term Feasibility Study of In-field Floating Microbial Fuel Cells for Monitoring Anoxic Wastewater and Energy Harvesting.

Living architecture: Toward energy generating buildings powered by microbial fuel cells (2019)
Journal Article
You, J., Rimbu, G. A., Wallis, L., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Living architecture: Toward energy generating buildings powered by microbial fuel cells. Frontiers in Energy Research, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2019.00094

In this study, possibilities of integrating microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology and buildings were investigated. Three kinds of conventional house bricks from two different locations were tested as MFC reactors and their electrochemical characterist... Read More about Living architecture: Toward energy generating buildings powered by microbial fuel cells.

Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines (2019)
Journal Article
Greenman, J., Gajda, I., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines. Sustainable Energy and Fuels, 3(10), 2546-2560. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9se00354a

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Humans can exploit natural processes by microorganisms by using Microbial Fuel Cells and integrated Photo Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC/PMFC) chambers containing electrodes to maximise microbial oxidation rates and... Read More about Microbial fuel cells (MFC) and microalgae; Photo microbial fuel cell (PMFC) as complete recycling machines.

Artificial neural network simulating microbial fuel cells with different membrane materials and electrode configurations (2019)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., You, J., Wallis, L., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Artificial neural network simulating microbial fuel cells with different membrane materials and electrode configurations. Journal of Power Sources, 436, 226832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226832

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are gaining interest due to higher power production achieved by deep analysis of their characteristics and their effect on the overall efficiency. To date, investigations on MFC efficiency, can only be... Read More about Artificial neural network simulating microbial fuel cells with different membrane materials and electrode configurations.

Response of ceramic microbial fuel cells to direct anodic airflow and novel hydrogel cathodes (2019)
Journal Article
Winfield, J., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Response of ceramic microbial fuel cells to direct anodic airflow and novel hydrogel cathodes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(29), 15344-15354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.04.024

© 2019 The Authors The presence of air in the anode chamber of microbial fuel cells (MFCs)might be unavoidable in some applications. This study purposely exposed the anodic biofilm to air for sustained cycles using ceramic cylindrical MFCs. A method... Read More about Response of ceramic microbial fuel cells to direct anodic airflow and novel hydrogel cathodes.

Self-stratified and self-powered micro-supercapacitor integrated into a microbial fuel cell operating in human urine (2019)
Journal Article
Santoro, C., Walter, X. A., Soavi, F., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Self-stratified and self-powered micro-supercapacitor integrated into a microbial fuel cell operating in human urine. Electrochimica Acta, 307, 241-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2019.03.194

© 2019 The Authors A self-stratified microbial fuel cell fed with human urine with a total internal volume of 0.55 ml was investigated as an internal supercapacitor, for the first time. The internal self-stratification allowed the development of two... Read More about Self-stratified and self-powered micro-supercapacitor integrated into a microbial fuel cell operating in human urine.

Fate of three bioluminescent pathogenic bacteria fed through a cascade of urine microbial fuel cells (2019)
Journal Article
Ieropoulos, I., Obata, O., Pasternak, G., & Greenman, J. (2019). Fate of three bioluminescent pathogenic bacteria fed through a cascade of urine microbial fuel cells. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 46(5), 587-599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-019-02153-x

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology is currently gaining recognition as one of the most promising bioenergy technologies of the future. One aspect of this technology that has received little attention is the disinfection of effluents and the fate of... Read More about Fate of three bioluminescent pathogenic bacteria fed through a cascade of urine microbial fuel cells.

Towards monolithically printed MFCs: Development of a 3D-printable membrane electrode assembly (MEA) (2019)
Journal Article
Theodosiou, P., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2019). Towards monolithically printed MFCs: Development of a 3D-printable membrane electrode assembly (MEA). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(9), 4450-4462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.163

Additive manufacturing (3D-printing) and microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are two rapidly growing technologies which have been previously combined to advance the development of the latter. In the same line of work, this paper reports on the fabrication of... Read More about Towards monolithically printed MFCs: Development of a 3D-printable membrane electrode assembly (MEA).

Scalability of self-stratifying microbial fuel cell: Towards height miniaturisation (2019)
Journal Article
Walter, X. A., Santoro, C., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. A. (2019). Scalability of self-stratifying microbial fuel cell: Towards height miniaturisation. Bioelectrochemistry, 127, 68-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2019.01.004

© 2019 The Authors The scalability of bioelectrochemical systems is a key parameter for their practical implementation in the real-world. Up until now, only urine-fed self-stratifying microbial fuel cells (SSM-MFCs) have been shown to be scalable in... Read More about Scalability of self-stratifying microbial fuel cell: Towards height miniaturisation.

Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst (2018)
Journal Article
Santoro, C., Kodali, M., Shamoon, N., Serov, A., Soavi, F., Merino-Jimenez, I., …Atanassov, P. (2019). Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst. Journal of Power Sources, 412, 416-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.11.069

© 2018 The Authors The anode and cathode electrodes of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) stack, composed of 28 single MFCs, were used as the negative and positive electrodes, respectively of an internal self-charged supercapacitor. Particularly, carbon vei... Read More about Increased power generation in supercapacitive microbial fuel cell stack using Fe–N–C cathode catalyst.

Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications (2018)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coelec.2018.09.006

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This short review focuses on the recent developments of the Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology, its scale-up and implementation in real world applications. Microbial Fuel Cells produce (bio)energy from waste streams, which can... Read More about Recent advancements in real-world microbial fuel cell applications.

Binder materials for the cathodes applied to self-stratifying membraneless microbial fuel cell (2018)
Journal Article
Walter, X. A., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Binder materials for the cathodes applied to self-stratifying membraneless microbial fuel cell. Bioelectrochemistry, 123, 119-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.04.011

© 2018 The Authors The recently developed self-stratifying membraneless microbial fuel cell (SSM-MFC) has been shown as a promising concept for urine treatment. The first prototypes employed cathodes made of activated carbon (AC) and polytetrafluoroe... Read More about Binder materials for the cathodes applied to self-stratifying membraneless microbial fuel cell.

Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development (2018)
Journal Article
Gajda, I., Stinchcombe, A., Merino-Jimenez, I., Pasternak, G., Sanchez-Herranz, D., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018). Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development. Frontiers in Energy Research, 6(OCT), https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2018.00084

© 2018 Gajda, Stinchcombe, Merino-Jimenez, Pasternak, Sanchez-Herranz, Greenman and Ieropoulos. One of the challenges in Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) technology is the improvement of the power output and the lowering of the cost required to scale up the... Read More about Miniaturized ceramic-based microbial fuel cell for efficient power generation from urine and stack development.

Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Gajda, I., Greenman, J., Santoro, C., Serov, A., Atanassov, P., & Ieropoulos, I. (2018, September). Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration. Paper presented at AiMES 2018 : ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting

Bioelectrochemical systems are employing microbes as biocatalysts to convert waste into valuable resources. For example, a Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) utilises chemical energy locked in human urine into direct electrical current and can be scaled-up to... Read More about Small ceramic microbial fuel cell as a trigenerative system for electricity, organics degradation and urine filtration.