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Risk of respiratory hospital admission associated with modelled concentrations of Aspergillus fumigatus from composting facilities in England (2020)
Journal Article
Roca-Barcelo, A., Douglas, P., Fecht, D., Sterrantino, A. F., Williams, B., Blangiardo, M., …Hansell, A. L. (in press). Risk of respiratory hospital admission associated with modelled concentrations of Aspergillus fumigatus from composting facilities in England. Environmental Research, 108949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108949

Bioaerosols have been associated with adverse respiratory-related health effects and are emitted in elevated concentrations from composting facilities. We used modelled Aspergillus fumigatus concentrations, a good indicator for bioaerosol emissions,... Read More about Risk of respiratory hospital admission associated with modelled concentrations of Aspergillus fumigatus from composting facilities in England.

The Clean Air Strategy 2019. Is this a new start for the management of air quality? (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Longhurst, J., Barnes, J., Hayes, E., De Vito, L., & Williams, B. (2019, June). The Clean Air Strategy 2019. Is this a new start for the management of air quality?. Presented at 27th International Conference on Air Pollution Modelling, Monitoring and Management

Introduction and context A brief overview of the UK’s air pollution problem The Clean Air Strategy 2019 – aims and intentions Evaluating the Strategy Conclusions The new strategy was published in January 2019. The foreword by the Secretary... Read More about The Clean Air Strategy 2019. Is this a new start for the management of air quality?.

Estimating Aspergillus fumigatus exposure from outdoor composting activities in England between 2005 and 14 (2018)
Journal Article
Williams, B., Douglas, P., Roca Barcelo, A., Hansell, A., & Hayes, E. (2019). Estimating Aspergillus fumigatus exposure from outdoor composting activities in England between 2005 and 14. Waste Management, 84, 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.11.044

Bioaerosols, ubiquitous in ambient air, are released in elevated concentrations from composting facilities with open-air processing areas. However, spatial and temporal variability of bioaerosols, particularly in relation to meteorology, is not well... Read More about Estimating Aspergillus fumigatus exposure from outdoor composting activities in England between 2005 and 14.

A controlled study on the characterisation of bioaerosols emissions from compost (2018)
Journal Article
Nasir, Z., Rolph, C., Collins, S., Stevenson, D., Gladding, T., Hayes, E., …Tyrrel, S. (2018). A controlled study on the characterisation of bioaerosols emissions from compost. Atmosphere, 9(10), https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9100379

© 2018 by the authors. Bioaerosol emissions arising from biowaste treatment are an issue of public concern. To better characterise the bioaerosols, and to assess a range of measurement methods, we aerosolised green waste compost under controlled cond... Read More about A controlled study on the characterisation of bioaerosols emissions from compost.

Sources of airborne endotoxins in ambient air and exposure of nearby communities-A review (2018)
Journal Article
Kinnersley, R., Drew, G. H., Rolph, C., Gwyther, C., Tyrrel, S., Nasir, Z., …Gladding, T. (2018). Sources of airborne endotoxins in ambient air and exposure of nearby communities-A review. Atmosphere, 9(10), 375. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9100375

© 2018 by the authors. Endotoxin is a bioaerosol component that is known to cause respiratory effects in exposed populations. To date, most research focused on occupational exposure, whilst much less is known about the impact of emissions from indus... Read More about Sources of airborne endotoxins in ambient air and exposure of nearby communities-A review.

The relationship between buildings and health: A systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Ige, J., Pilkington, P., Orme, J., Williams, B., Prestwood, E., Black, D., …Scally, G. (2019). The relationship between buildings and health: A systematic review. Journal of Public Health, 41(2), E121-E132. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy138

© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of 268 Public Health. All rights reserved. Background The built environment exerts one of the strongest directly measurable effects on physical and mental health, yet the... Read More about The relationship between buildings and health: A systematic review.

Scoping studies to establish the capability and utility of a real-time bioaerosol sensor to characterise emissions from environmental sources (2018)
Journal Article
Nasir, Z. A., Hayes, E., Williams, B., Gladding, T., Rolph, C., Khera, S., …Tyrrel, S. (2019). Scoping studies to establish the capability and utility of a real-time bioaerosol sensor to characterise emissions from environmental sources. Science of the Total Environment, 648, 25-32

A novel dual excitation wavelength based bioaerosol sensor with multiple fluorescence bands called Spectral Intensity Bioaerosol Sensor (SIBS) has been assessed across five contrasting outdoor environments. The mean concentrations of total and fluore... Read More about Scoping studies to establish the capability and utility of a real-time bioaerosol sensor to characterise emissions from environmental sources.

Towards improved bioaerosol model validation and verification (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Williams, B., Hayes, E., Nasir, Z., Rolph, C., Jackson, S., Khera, S., …Tyrrel, S. (2018, June). Towards improved bioaerosol model validation and verification. Paper presented at 26th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution

Bioaerosols, comprised of bacteria, fungi and viruses are ubiquitous in ambient air. Known to adversely affect human health, the impact of bioaerosols on a population often manifests as outbreaks of illnesses such as Legionnaires Disease and Q fever,... Read More about Towards improved bioaerosol model validation and verification.

Analysing air pollution and its management through the lens of the UN sustainable development goals: A review and assessment (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Longhurst, J., Barnes, J., Chatterton, T., De Vito, L., Everard, M., Hayes, E. T., …Williams, B. (2018, June). Analysing air pollution and its management through the lens of the UN sustainable development goals: A review and assessment. Presented at 26th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution

This presentation provides a high-level assessment of air pollution and its management viewed through the lens of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It contains • a short overview of the sparse literature, • an assessment... Read More about Analysing air pollution and its management through the lens of the UN sustainable development goals: A review and assessment.

Claircity project: Citizen-led scenarios to improve air quality in European cities (2018)
Journal Article
Hayes, E., King, A., Callum, A., Williams, B., Vanherle, K., Boushel, C., …Longhurst, J. (2018). Claircity project: Citizen-led scenarios to improve air quality in European cities. https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR180221

© 2018 WIT Press. Air pollution has as significant impact on the health of European citizens, particularly in urban areas, and was responsible for more than 400,000 premature deaths in Europe in 2014. It is within our cities where this public health... Read More about Claircity project: Citizen-led scenarios to improve air quality in European cities.

Moving health upstream in urban development decision-making (2017)
Presentation / Conference
Black, D., Ige, J., Pilkington, P., Williams, B., Prestwood, E., Hunt, A., …Ogilvie, F. (2017, February). Moving health upstream in urban development decision-making. Presented at The Sustainable Transport & Health Summit

This document presents an overview of a three-year pilot funded by the Wellcome Trust an initiated in 2016. The project has three main strands of work- systematic reviews of evidence linking the quality of urban form to human health impacts, an econo... Read More about Moving health upstream in urban development decision-making.

A review of evidence on the cost-effectiveness of local authority activities to reduce exposure to air pollution from road traffic (2017)
Journal Article
Barnes, J., & Williams, B. (2017). A review of evidence on the cost-effectiveness of local authority activities to reduce exposure to air pollution from road traffic. https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR170011

© 2017 WIT Press. This paper presents a systematic review of evidence of the cost-effectiveness of local authority activities to reduce exposure to air pollution from road traffic. The work was undertaken as part of an evidence review for the Nationa... Read More about A review of evidence on the cost-effectiveness of local authority activities to reduce exposure to air pollution from road traffic.

The challenges, uncertainties and opportunities of bioaerosol dispersion modelling from open composting facilities (2017)
Journal Article
Hayes, E., Williams, B., Hayes, E. T., Nasir, Z., Rolph, C., Jackson, S., …Tyrrel, S. (2017). The challenges, uncertainties and opportunities of bioaerosol dispersion modelling from open composting facilities. https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR170051

© 2017 WIT Press. Bioaerosols are ubiquitous organic particles that comprise viruses, bacteria and coarser fractions of organic matter. Known to adversely affect human health, the impact of bioaerosols on a population often manifests as outbreaks of... Read More about The challenges, uncertainties and opportunities of bioaerosol dispersion modelling from open composting facilities.

What has been achieved in the 60 years since the first Clean Air Act? (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Longhurst, J., Barnes, J., Bushel, C., Chatterton, T., Hayes, E. T., Prestwood, E., & Williams, B. (2016, October). What has been achieved in the 60 years since the first Clean Air Act?. Presented at Routes to Clean Air 2

2016 marks 60 years since the first UK Clean Air Act. This presentation considers the factors contributing to successful management of air quality and the factors that act as barriers to progress. The public health catastrophe of the 1952 Londo... Read More about What has been achieved in the 60 years since the first Clean Air Act?.

A critical review of the robustness of the UK government’s air quality plan and expected compliance dates (2016)
Journal Article
Williams, B., Barnes, J., Chatterton, T., Hayes, E. T., & Longhurst, J. (2016). A critical review of the robustness of the UK government’s air quality plan and expected compliance dates. https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR160011

Globally, poor air quality is the most significant environmental health concern. Across Europe, 400,000 deaths were attributed to air pollution in 2012, whilst in the UK over 50,000 deaths per year are due to a combination of gaseous and particulate... Read More about A critical review of the robustness of the UK government’s air quality plan and expected compliance dates.

Progress with air quality management in the 60 years since the UK clean air act, 1956. Lessons, failures, challenges and opportunities (2016)
Journal Article
Williams, W. B., Hayes, E. T., Chatterton, T. J., Longhurst, J. W., Longhurst, J., Barnes, J. H., …Williams, B. (2016). Progress with air quality management in the 60 years since the UK clean air act, 1956. Lessons, failures, challenges and opportunities. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 11(4), 491-499. https://doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V11-N4-491-499

© 2016 WIT Press, www.witpress.com. This paper explores the challenges, opportunities and progress made with managing air quality since the United Kingdom parliament passed the Clean Air Act, 1956. It seeks to identify the factors contributing to suc... Read More about Progress with air quality management in the 60 years since the UK clean air act, 1956. Lessons, failures, challenges and opportunities.

Sixty years since the 1956 Clean Air Act: Are we really doing enough to reduce air pollution?​ (2016)
Journal Article
Williams, B. (2016). Sixty years since the 1956 Clean Air Act: Are we really doing enough to reduce air pollution?​

In the year that the UK’s Clean Air Act turns sixty, the head of public health at the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared air pollution as a global health emergency [1]. Globally, air pollution is responsible for 7 million premature deaths per y... Read More about Sixty years since the 1956 Clean Air Act: Are we really doing enough to reduce air pollution?​.

Air quality, cars and health in Bristol (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Williams, B. (2015, November). Air quality, cars and health in Bristol. Presented at The Sixth Annual "A" Level Geography Lecture Afternoon