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Designing healthier neighbourhoods: A systematic review of the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing

Ige-Elegbede, Janet; Pilkington, Paul; Orme, Judy; Williams, Ben; Prestwood, Emily; Black, Daniel; Carmichael, Laurence

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Authors

Janet Ige Janet.Ige@uwe.ac.uk
Research Fellow in Health and Sustainability

Judy Orme Judy.Orme@uwe.ac.uk
Professor/Ins Director ISHE

Ben Williams Ben3.Williams@uwe.ac.uk
Research Fellow in Air Quality Management Resource Centre

Emily Prestwood

Daniel Black



Abstract

Several studies have investigated the impact of neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing, yet there are limited reviews investigating the quality of the evidence and the most effective interventions at a population level. This systematic review aims to clarify the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing and evaluate the quality of the evidence underpinning such associations. Eight electronic databases were searched for studies conducted between 2000 and 2016. Additional searches were conducted on Google to identify potentially eligible grey literature. A total of 7694 studies were returned from the literature search, and a final selection of 39 studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. Quality appraisal was conducted using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies. Findings from the studies showed important associations between neighbourhood design principles such as walkability, access to green space and amenities on health and wellbeing. Findings from this review also highlight areas with inconsistent findings and gaps in the evidence for future research.

Citation

Ige-Elegbede, J., Pilkington, P., Orme, J., Williams, B., Prestwood, E., Black, D., & Carmichael, L. (in press). Designing healthier neighbourhoods: A systematic review of the impact of the neighbourhood design on health and wellbeing. Cities and Health, https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1799173

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 7, 2020
Online Publication Date Sep 1, 2020
Deposit Date Oct 12, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 14, 2020
Journal Cities & Health
Print ISSN 2374-8834
Electronic ISSN 2374-8842
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2020.1799173
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/6772495
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?show=aimsScope&journalCode=rcah20; Received: 2019-07-26; Accepted: 2020-05-07; Published: 2020-09-01

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