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Physarum machines: Computers from slime mould

Adamatzky, Andrew

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A Physarum machine is a programmable amorphous biological computer experimentally implemented in the vegetative state of true slime mould Physarum polycephalum. It comprises an amorphous yellowish mass with networks of protoplasmic veins, programmed by spatial configurations of attracting and repelling gradients.

This book demonstrates how to create experimental Physarum machines for computational geometry and optimization, distributed manipulation and transportation, and general-purpose computation. Being very cheap to make and easy to maintain, the machine also functions on a wide range of substrates and in a broad scope of environmental conditions. As such a Physarum machine is a ‘green’ and environmentally friendly unconventional computer.

The book is readily accessible to a nonprofessional reader, and is a priceless source of experimental tips and inventive theoretical ideas for anyone who is inspired by novel and emerging non-silicon computers and robots.


Adamatzky, A. (2010). Physarum machines: Computers from slime mould. World Scientific Publishing

Book Type Authored Book
Publication Date Aug 1, 2010
Publicly Available Date Jun 8, 2019
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 74
Series Title World Scientific Series on Nonlinear Science, Series A
ISBN 978-981-4327-58-9
Keywords Physarum machines, computers, slime mould
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information Additional Information : Physarum Machines: computers from slime mould, Andrew Adamatzky, Copyright @ 2010 World Scientific Publishing Co. with permission from World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.


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