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Identifying research priorities for road safety in Nepal: A Delphi study

Pant, Puspa Raj; Rana, Pranita; Pradhan, Kriti; Joshi, Sunil Kumar; Mytton, Julie


Puspa Pant
Research Fellow (SAFETRIP Nepal)

Pranita Rana

Kriti Pradhan

Sunil Kumar Joshi


OBJECTIVE: To identify and prioritise the research needed to help Nepali agencies develop an improved road safety system. DESIGN: Delphi study.Nepal. PARTICIPANTS: Stakeholders from government institutions, academia, engineering, healthcare and civil society were interviewed to identify knowledge gaps and research questions. Participants then completed two rounds of ranking and a workshop. RESULTS: A total of 93 participants took part in interviews and two rounds of ranking. Participants were grouped with others sharing expertise relating to each of the five WHO 'pillars' of road safety: (1) road safety management; (2) safer roads; (3) safer vehicles; (4) safer road users and (5) effective postcrash response. Interviews yielded 1019 research suggestions across the five pillars. Two rounds of ranking within expert groups yielded consensus on the important questions for each pillar. A workshop involving all participants then led to the selection of 6 questions considered the most urgent: (1) How can implementing agencies be made more accountable? (2) How should different types of roads, and roads in different geographical locations, be designed to make them safer for all road users? (3) What vehicle fitness factors lead to road traffic crashes? (4) How can the driver licensing system be improved to ensure safer drivers? (5) What factors lead to public vehicle crashes and how can they be addressed? and (6) What factors affect emergency response services getting to the patient and then getting them to the right hospital in the best possible time? CONCLUSIONS: The application of the Delphi approach is useful to enable participants representing a range of institutions and expertise to contribute to the identification of road safety research priorities. Outcomes from this study provide Nepali researchers with a greater understanding of the necessary focus for future road safety research.


Pant, P. R., Rana, P., Pradhan, K., Joshi, S. K., & Mytton, J. (2022). Identifying research priorities for road safety in Nepal: A Delphi study. BMJ Open, 12(4), Article e059312.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 28, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 13, 2022
Publication Date Apr 13, 2022
Deposit Date Apr 24, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 27, 2022
Journal BMJ Open
Electronic ISSN 2044-6055
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 4
Article Number e059312
Keywords General Medicine
Public URL


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