A measure assessing host country nationals' (HCNs) perceptions of attitudes and behaviors of the expatriates (ATEX) was developed and validated in two studies. For the first study, interviews were conducted to generate items. A questionnaire involving these items was filled out by 198 HCNs and 26 items were eliminated. For the second study, 228 HCNs filled out a questionnaire that included ATEX and scales for constructs such as personality and attitudes toward diversity. Final version of ATEX was reduced to 24 items loading onto five factors. Examination of the relations between ATEX and several constructs provided support for construct and criterion-related validities of the measure. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
Arman, G., & Aycan, Z. (2013). Host country nationals' attitudes toward expatriates: Development of a measure †. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(15), 2927-2947. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2013.763839