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The acute effects of physical activity on cigarette cravings: Systematic review and meta-analysis with individual participant data

Haasova, Marcela; Janse Van Rensburg, Kate; Hassova, M; Warren, Fiona C.; Van Rensberg, K; Ussher, Michael; Faulkner, Guy; Cropley, Mark; Byron-Daniel, James; Everson-Hock, Emma S.; Oh, Hwajung; Taylor, Adrian H.

Authors

Marcela Haasova

Kate Janse Van Rensburg

M Hassova

Fiona C. Warren

K Van Rensberg

Michael Ussher

Guy Faulkner

Mark Cropley

Emma S. Everson-Hock

Hwajung Oh

Adrian H. Taylor



Abstract

Aims: To conduct an updated systematic review and the first meta-analysis of experimental trials investigating the acute effects of short bouts of physical activity (PA) on strength of desire (SoD) and desire to smoke (DtS) using individual participant data (IPD). Methods: A systematic review of literature and IPD meta-analyses included trials assessing the acute effects of shorts bouts of PA on SoD and DtS among temporarily abstaining smokers not using pharmaceutical aids for smoking cessation. Authors of eligible studies were contacted and raw IPD were obtained. Two-stage and one-stage IPD random-effects meta-analyses were conducted. Participants engaging in PA were compared against control participants, using post-intervention SoD and DtS with baseline adjustments. Results: A two-stage IPD meta-analysis assessing effects of PA on SoD yielded an average standardized mean difference (SMD) between PA and control conditions (across 15 primary studies) of -1.91 [95% confidence interval (CI): -2.59 to -1.22]. A two-stage IPD meta-analysis assessing effects of PA on DtS yielded an average SMD between PA and control conditions (across 17 primary studies) of -2.03 (95% CI: -2.60 to -1.46). Additional meta-analyses, including those using a one-stage model, those including only parallel arm studies and meta-analyses comparing only moderate exercise against a control condition, showed significant craving reduction following PA. Despite a high degree of between-study heterogeneity, effects sizes of all primary studies were in the same direction, with PA showing a greater reduction in cravings compared with controls. Conclusions: There is strong evidence that physical activity acutely reduces cigarette craving. © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction.

Citation

Janse Van Rensburg, K., Haasova, M., Hassova, M., Warren, F. C., Ussher, M., Van Rensberg, K., …Taylor, A. H. (2013). The acute effects of physical activity on cigarette cravings: Systematic review and meta-analysis with individual participant data. Addiction, 108(1), 26-37. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04034.x

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2013
Journal Addiction
Print ISSN 0965-2140
Electronic ISSN 1360-0443
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 108
Issue 1
Pages 26-37
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04034.x
Keywords exercise, desire to smoke, smoking cessation aid
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/936119
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04034.x
Additional Information Additional Information : Online first, published: 15 Nov 2012

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Hassova, Warren, Ussher, Rensburg, Faulkner, Cropley, Byron-Daniel 2012.pdf (651 Kb)
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