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Potential environmental impacts of ‘fracking’ in the UK

Staddon, Chad; Hayes, Enda T; Brown, Jenna

Authors

Chad Staddon Chad.Staddon@uwe.ac.uk
Professor/Associate Head of Department: Research and Scholarship

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Enda Hayes enda.hayes@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Air Quality and Carbon Management

Jenna Brown jenna.brown@uwe.ac.uk



Abstract

Hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, involves the extraction of natural gas from shale formations deep underground using vertical and horizontal drilling technologies and vast quantities of chemically treated water injected into the wells under high pressure. Although commercial fracking has been underway in the USA since the 1990s, the industry is in its infancy elsewhere in the world. Rapid increases in gas production in the US have spurred interest in countries as far flung as the UK, China, Poland, Argentina and South Africa, although there is much uncertainty over potential gains and the environmental costs of the new technology (Buchan, 2013; European Commission, 2012a). In the UK, there are currently no companies actively fracking but several are undertaking exploratory drilling, and many policymakers, academics, environmental activists and energy industry specialists feel that the UK could be on the edge of a ‘fracking boom’. Some see fracking as a potential energy bonanza ensuring the UK’s energy security well into the future, while others fear that it could bring significant harm to the environment and public health. In this article, we explore several dimensions of these uncertainties generally, and assess specifically some of the implications for the UK water environment. We also suggest ways in which the UK could learn from the experiences of fracking in the USA.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Journal Geography
Print ISSN 0016-7487
Publisher Geographical Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 101
Issue 2
Pages 60-69
APA6 Citation Staddon, C., Hayes, E. T., & Brown, J. (2016). Potential environmental impacts of ‘fracking’ in the UK. Geography, 101(2), 60-69
Keywords shale gas, water resources, water security
Publisher URL http://www.geography.org.uk/Journals/Journals.asp?articleID=1415