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Handover issues in autonomous driving: A literature review

Morgan, Phil; Alford, Chris; Parkhurst, Graham


Phil Morgan


The present review was undertaken to inform a workpackage of the Venturer Project undertaking studies into the handover of control between a human driver and an autonomous road vehicle. The ‘handover problem’ arises as a feature of the development of autonomous vehicles that are “highly” but not “fully” autonomous (DfT, 2015). As human error is a major cause of road accidents, contributing to over 90% of road collisions, removing the human operator would likely reduce their incidence. (DfT 2015; Reason, Manstead, Stradling, Baxter, & Cambell, 1990). However, levels of automation which do not completely eliminate the role for a driver can themselves provide problems for the human operator (Stanton and Marsden, 1996; Parasuraman & Manzey, 2010; Parasuraman & Riley, 1997), due to required tasks such as ‘handover’. The report considers the existing evidence on handover, identifying research gaps for handover particularly in urban areas, and considers the policy implications.


Morgan, P., Alford, C., & Parkhurst, G. (2016). Handover issues in autonomous driving: A literature review

Report Type Project Report
Publication Date Jan 1, 2016
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Keywords autonomous road vehicles, driverless cars, handover, human driving performance, urban roads
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